Open Access

Feasibility of primary human cell cultures as a model for adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma research: Evidence from RNA‑Seq analysis

  • Authors:
    • Pei‑Dong Zhang
    • Chao‑Hu Wang
    • Jun Fan
    • Jun‑Xiang Peng
    • Jun Pan
    • Song‑Tao Qi
    • Yi Liu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 16, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11309
  • Pages: 2346-2354
  • Copyright: © Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma (ACP) is a benign epithelial tumor of the sellar region. Whether primary human cell cultures can be used as a stable research model has yet to be determined. The characteristics of three cultured craniopharyngioma primary cell (CPC) lines were identified using immunofluorescence. The culture duration for each CPC line was 10, 20 and 30 days. Cell lines and paired parental tumor tissues were subsequently analyzed using transcriptome sequencing (RNA‑Seq). Transcriptomic differences between ACP tissues and CPC lines were compared. CPCs maintained the original epithelial lineage markers, including pan‑cytokeratin and epithelial cell adhesion molecule. However, the Pearson's correlation coefficient of transcriptomes between each pair of CPC lines and ACP tissues decreased from 0.657 (cultured for 10 days) to 0.61 (cultured for 20 days) and further to 0.547 (cultured for 30 days). The number of differentially expressed genes between ACP tissues and CPCs was increased from 1,247 (cultured for 10 days) to 1,643 (cultured for 20 days) and then to 1,949 (cultured for 30 days). The results of Gene Set Enrichment Analysis demonstrated that the diversity of gene sets increased with longer culture time. Significant differences in the majority of signature gene sets were not observed between ACP tissues and CPCs, with the exception of keratinization phenotype [normalized enrichment score (NES)=‑2.02, false discovery rate (FDR)=0.0038] and epithelial cell phenotype (NES=‑1.82, FDR=0.032). Cell proliferation (NES=1.78, FDR=0.028) and mitosis (NES=1.93, FDR=0.012) were enhanced in CPCs. Therefore, primary human cell cultures can be used as a suitable research platform for ACP, however further experiments are required.

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March 2020
Volume 19 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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APA
Zhang, P., Wang, C., Fan, J., Peng, J., Pan, J., Qi, S., & Liu, Y. (2020). Feasibility of primary human cell cultures as a model for adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma research: Evidence from RNA‑Seq analysis. Oncology Letters, 19, 2346-2354. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11309
MLA
Zhang, P., Wang, C., Fan, J., Peng, J., Pan, J., Qi, S., Liu, Y."Feasibility of primary human cell cultures as a model for adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma research: Evidence from RNA‑Seq analysis". Oncology Letters 19.3 (2020): 2346-2354.
Chicago
Zhang, P., Wang, C., Fan, J., Peng, J., Pan, J., Qi, S., Liu, Y."Feasibility of primary human cell cultures as a model for adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma research: Evidence from RNA‑Seq analysis". Oncology Letters 19, no. 3 (2020): 2346-2354. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11309