Associations between the expression of SCCA, MTA1, P16, Ki‑67 and the infection of high‑risk HPV in cervical lesions
- Cuina Han
- Fangfei Zhao
- Chongyang Wan
- Yanfang He
- Yan Chen
Affiliations: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, North China University of Science and Technology Affiliated Hospital, Tangshan, Hebei 063000, P.R. China
- Published online on: May 18, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11634
Copyright: © Han
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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The application of detection technologies for human papillomavirus (HPV) has increased the resection rate for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and early cervical cancer types. However, a large number of patients still present with advanced cervical cancer upon diagnosis. Therefore, to find a marker for the early diagnosis of cervical cancer, the present study investigated the expression profiles of squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA), tumor metastasis related factor‑1 (MTA1), the multiple tumor suppressor gene P16, and the nucleus‑associated antigen Ki‑67 in cervical lesions, and evaluated the association between the four proteins and the infection of high‑risk (HR)‑HPV in cervical lesions. The rate of SCCA expression gradually increased with the progression of cervical lesions, but the increase in SCCA expression levels from low‑grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) to high‑grade squamous intraepithelial lesions was not significant (P=0.197). The positive rate of MTA1 expression gradually increased with the development of cervical lesions, but the increase from chronic cervicitis to LSIL was not significant (P=0.258). The positive rates of P16 and Ki‑67 expression exhibited significant increasing trends with the progression of cervical lesions. The expression ratio of SCCA between HR‑HPV infection and non‑infection groups was not statistically significant (P=0.38), but the expression ratios of MTA1, P16 and Ki‑67 between HR‑HPV infection and non‑infection groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). These results demonstrated that the expression of SCCA, MTA1, P16 and Ki‑67 increased gradually with the severity of cervical lesions. In addition, there was a positive association between the expression levels of MTA1, P16 and Ki‑67 and the infection of HR‑HPV in cervical lesions. Therefore, SCCA, MTA1, P16 and Ki‑67 may be used to enhance the diagnostic accuracy for cervical lesions.