Open Access

Mechanisms of JAK‑STAT signaling pathway mediated by CXCL8 gene silencing on epithelial‑mesenchymal transition of human cutaneous melanoma cells

  • Authors:
    • Xiaorui Hu
    • Lili Yuan
    • Teng Ma
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 9, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11706
  • Pages: 1973-1981
  • Copyright: © Hu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Effect of CXCL8 gene silencing‑mediated JAK‑STAT signaling pathway on epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human cutaneous melanoma cells was explored. Eighty patients with cutaneous melanoma were enrolled in the study. Cells were transfected accordingly and divided into five groups: The blank group (human cutaneous melanoma cells), NC group (human cutaneous melanoma cells + blank vector plasmid transfection), CXCL8 siRNA group (human cutaneous melanoma cells + CXCL8 silent expression vector plasmid transfection), AG490 group (human cutaneous melanoma cells + JAK‑STAT signal pathway inhibitor transfection), CXCL8 siRNA + AG490 group (human cutaneous melanoma cells + JAK‑STAT signaling pathway inhibitor + CXCL8 silent expression vector plasmid transfection). The expression levels of CXCL8, JAK2, STAT3, epithelial cadherin (E‑cadherin), neurotrophic cadherin (N‑cadherin) and vimentin in tissues and cells were detected by RT‑qPCR and western blot analysis. CCK‑8 and flow cytometry were used to detect cell proliferation and apoptosis. Compared with adjacent normal tissues, the expression of E‑cadherin in human cutaneous melanoma tissues was significantly decreased, whereas the expression of CXCL8, JAK2, STAT3, vimentin and N‑cadherin was significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, CXCL8 siRNA group and CXCL8 siRNA + AG490 group had significantly lower expression of CXCL8 (P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, the expression levels of JAK2, STAT3, vimentin and N‑cadherin in CXCL8 siRNA group, AG490 group and CXCL8 siRNA + AG490 group were decreased, the expression of E‑cadherin was increased, the cell proliferation ability was decreased and apoptosis was increased (P<0.05). Compared with CXCL8 siRNA group, the expression of JAK2, STAT3, vimentin and N‑cadherin in CXCL8 siRNA + AG490 group were significantly decreased, the expression of E‑cadherin was significantly increased, cell proliferation ability was decreased and apoptosis was increased (P<0.05). In conclusion, CXCL8 gene expression silencing may inhibit EMT and cell proliferation while promoting cell apoptosis of human cutaneous melanoma cells by inhibiting the activation of JAK‑STAT signaling pathway.

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August-2020
Volume 20 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
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APA
Hu, X., Yuan, L., & Ma, T. (2020). Mechanisms of JAK‑STAT signaling pathway mediated by CXCL8 gene silencing on epithelial‑mesenchymal transition of human cutaneous melanoma cells. Oncology Letters, 20, 1973-1981. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11706
MLA
Hu, X., Yuan, L., Ma, T."Mechanisms of JAK‑STAT signaling pathway mediated by CXCL8 gene silencing on epithelial‑mesenchymal transition of human cutaneous melanoma cells". Oncology Letters 20.2 (2020): 1973-1981.
Chicago
Hu, X., Yuan, L., Ma, T."Mechanisms of JAK‑STAT signaling pathway mediated by CXCL8 gene silencing on epithelial‑mesenchymal transition of human cutaneous melanoma cells". Oncology Letters 20, no. 2 (2020): 1973-1981. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11706