Analysis of factors affecting the prognosis of patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2
- Xiaobo Zhang
- Yougui Xu
- Tianyu Meng
- Danhua Shen
Affiliations: Department of Pathology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing 100044, P.R. China
- Published online on: June 9, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11711
Copyright: © Zhang
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Commons Attribution License.
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According to the 2014 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of Female Reproductive Organs, patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 (CIN2) have an equivocal diagnosis, but p16 is considered as the reference index for CIN2. Positive p16 expression in CIN2 is associated with high‑grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL), whereas p16 negative lesions are low‑grade squamous intraepithelial lesions. The purpose of the present study was to examine the clinical value of p16 and human papillomavirus (HPV) E6/E7 mRNA in the prognostication of patients with CIN2. From January 2013 to January 2016, 108 patients were diagnosed with CIN2 by biopsy and followed up at 6‑month intervals at Peking University People's Hospital (Beijing, China). The expression of HPV E6/E7 mRNA was detected by in situ hybridization, while the expression of p16 and Ki‑67 proteins was detected by immunohistochemistry. Of the 108 CIN2 cases, 20 progressed to HSIL/CIN3, 36 cases demonstrated persistence with CIN2 after the follow‑up and 52 cases achieved regression (≤CIN1). Of the p16‑positive 82 cases, 20 cases were detected to have progressed, whereas in the p16‑negative group, no progression was observed. There were statistically significant differences among the p16‑positive and negative groups (P<0.05). In the HPV E6/E7 mRNA‑positive 69 cases, 18 cases were detected to have progressed, whereas in the HPV E6/E7 mRNA‑negative 39 cases, progression was detected in only 2 cases. There were statistically significant differences among the HPV E6/E7 mRNA‑positive and negative groups (P<0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve was plotted; the area under the curve for HPV E6/E7 mRNA was 0.745, that for p16 was 0.546 and that for Ki‑67 was 0.501. The detection of HPV E6/E7 mRNA may provide important predictive information for the prognosis of CIN2, however p16 and Ki‑67 proteins may provide little value.