Stanniocalcin 1 is a prognostic biomarker in glioma
- Weijian Luo
- Dong Chen
- Hao Wang
- Jiliang Hu
Affiliations: Department of Neurosurgery, Shenzhen People's Hospital, Second Clinical Medical College of Ji'nan University, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518020, P.R. China
- Published online on: July 1, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11792
Copyright: © Luo
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Malignant gliomas are the most common type of primary malignancy of the central nervous system with a poor prognosis. Stanniocalcin 1 (STC1) is closely associated with tumor genesis and development. However, its role in the development and progression of glioma is poorly understood. In silico analysis, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA), Rembrandt and GSE16011 datasets were used to assess the expression levels of STC1 in non‑tumor brain tissues and gliomas. Moreover, reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry were used to detect STC1 expression in tumor tissues collected in the Department of Neurosurgery of Shenzhen People's Hospital (Shenzhen, China). The association between STC1 expression and different molecular pathological features was analyzed in four public datasets, as well as via Kaplan‑Meier analysis. Furthermore, normalized mRNA expression in TCGA was used to perform Gene Ontology analysis. It was revealed that STC1 expression was significantly elevated in glioma tissues compared with the non‑tumor brain tissues, both in silico analysis and via cohort validation. According to TCGA, CGGA, Rembrandt and GSE16011 datasets, it was identified that STC1 expression was increased in high grade glioma compared with low grade glioma. In addition, the results indicated STC1 expression was enriched in the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) wild‑type and mesenchymal subtype in TCGA, GSE16011 and Rembrandt datasets. Moreover, it was demonstrated that patients with higher STC1 expression exhibited shorter overall survival times compared with those with lower STC1 expression using Kaplan‑Meier analysis, according to both the public datasets and validation cohort. Furthermore, the results of the Gene Ontology analysis demonstrated that STC1 was primarily involved in the reorganization of extracellular matrix and was significantly correlated with invasive‑related proteins. Therefore, the present results indicate that STC1 was upregulated in glioma tissues and may represent a prognostic biomarker in patients with glioma.