Characterization and imaging of surgical specimens of invasive breast cancer and normal breast tissues with the application of Raman spectral mapping: A feasibility study and comparison with randomized single‑point detection method

  • Authors:
    • Haipeng Zhang
    • Xiaozhen Wang
    • Rongbo Ding
    • Lishengnan Shen
    • Pin Gao
    • Hui Xu
    • Caifeng Xiu
    • Huanxia Zhang
    • Dong Song
    • Bing Han
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 3, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11804
  • Pages: 2969-2976
  • Copyright: © Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY_NC 4.0].

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Abstract

A mapping technique was used in the present study to explore the biological and imaging characteristics of invasive breast cancer and normal breast tissues in Raman examination data and construct a diagnostic model for breast cancer. Raman examination data reflect the biochemical or molecular characteristics of the target tissues. A total of 45 specimens from patients with breast cancer who underwent surgery and 25 adjacent normal breast tissue specimens were included in the present study. Using the specimens, a total of 53 sets of mapping data and 2,597 pieces of Raman spectral data were obtained. The collected spectra were corrected and fitted, the Raman spectra were analyzed by robust statistical methods, and a diagnostic model was constructed using the k‑Nearest Neighbor (KNN) method. The KNN classification method was applied to analyze the characteristics of the mapping test application. The percentage of outliers in the mapping data for malignant and normal breast tissues was 12.7 and 6.6%, respectively. The percentage of outlier data in the conventional single‑point detection data for malignant and normal breast tissues was 24.5 and 26.0%, respectively. Analysis using a t‑test identified a significant difference in the number of outliers between mapping and single‑point detection for malignant (t=‑6.169; P<0.001) and normal breast tissues (t=‑8.873; P<0.001). Based on the mapping data, the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity for breast cancer detection by the diagnostic model constructed using the KNN method was 99.56, 96.6 and 98.48%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive value of this model was 99.56 and 89.04%, respectively. The data obtained by mapping technology demonstrated improved stability and contained less outliers compared with single‑point detection. The diagnostic model constructed using the mapping data demonstrated excellent diagnostic performance and good correspondence with pathological results. The findings of the present study demonstrated the feasibility of the application of the diagnostic model for intraoperative real‑time imaging for patients with breast cancer. This study provided the foundation of Raman spectroscopy‑based diagnostic imaging at the molecular level.

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September-2020
Volume 20 Issue 3

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Spandidos Publications style
Zhang H, Wang X, Ding R, Shen L, Gao P, Xu H, Xiu C, Zhang H, Song D, Han B, Han B, et al: Characterization and imaging of surgical specimens of invasive breast cancer and normal breast tissues with the application of Raman spectral mapping: A feasibility study and comparison with randomized single‑point detection method. Oncol Lett 20: 2969-2976, 2020
APA
Zhang, H., Wang, X., Ding, R., Shen, L., Gao, P., Xu, H. ... Han, B. (2020). Characterization and imaging of surgical specimens of invasive breast cancer and normal breast tissues with the application of Raman spectral mapping: A feasibility study and comparison with randomized single‑point detection method. Oncology Letters, 20, 2969-2976. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11804
MLA
Zhang, H., Wang, X., Ding, R., Shen, L., Gao, P., Xu, H., Xiu, C., Zhang, H., Song, D., Han, B."Characterization and imaging of surgical specimens of invasive breast cancer and normal breast tissues with the application of Raman spectral mapping: A feasibility study and comparison with randomized single‑point detection method". Oncology Letters 20.3 (2020): 2969-2976.
Chicago
Zhang, H., Wang, X., Ding, R., Shen, L., Gao, P., Xu, H., Xiu, C., Zhang, H., Song, D., Han, B."Characterization and imaging of surgical specimens of invasive breast cancer and normal breast tissues with the application of Raman spectral mapping: A feasibility study and comparison with randomized single‑point detection method". Oncology Letters 20, no. 3 (2020): 2969-2976. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11804