Clinical outcomes and safety of apatinib monotherapy in the treatment of patients with advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma who progressed after standard regimens and the analysis of the VEGFR2 polymorphism

  • Authors:
    • Zhen Yan
    • Yuan‑Yuan Gu
    • Xiao‑Di Hu
    • Qun Zhao
    • Hai‑Li  Kang
    • Miao Wang
    • Wei Duan
    • Yin Guan
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 10, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11857
  • Pages: 3035-3045
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Abstract

The aims of the present study were to investigate the clinical outcomes and safety of apatinib monotherapy in the treatment of patients with advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) who have progressed after standard regimens, and to analyze the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) rs2071559 polymorphism. A total of 118 patients with advanced EOC who received apatinib treatment were included in the study. Tumor response was evaluated using progression‑free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) time, and safety data were documented. Additionally, peripheral blood and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) specimens from the patients with EOC were collected to perform the genotyping of genetic polymorphism and assess the mRNA expression of VEGFR2, respectively. The objective response rate across the 118 patients with advanced EOC was 38.98%, the disease control rate was 63.56%, the median PFS time was 4.65 months and the median OS time was 15.10 months. Regarding the polymorphism analysis, the prevalence of rs2071559 in VEGFR2 among the 118 patients with advanced EOC was recorded as the TT genotype in 72 cases (61.02%), TC genotype in 41 cases (34.75%) and CC genotype in 5 cases (4.23%), and the minor allele frequency of rs2071559 was 0.22. The distribution of the three genotypes was in accordance with the Hardy‑Weinberg equilibrium (P=0.781). TC and CC genotypes were merged in the subsequent analysis. The prognosis analyses suggested that the median PFS time of patients with the TC/CC genotype and the TT genotype was 3.10 and 5.40 months, respectively (P=0.015). Moreover, the median OS time of the two genotypes was 12.60 and 17.50 months, respectively (P=0.009). However, no association was noted between genotype status of the polymorphism and adverse reactions. Additionally, the mRNA expression analysis indicated that the mRNA expression levels of VEGFR2 in PBMC specimens were significantly different between TT and TC/CC genotypes (P<0.001). The present study suggested that the clinical outcomes of patients with advanced EOC, who progressed after standard regimens and received apatinib treatment, might be influenced by the VEGFR2 rs2071559 polymorphism.

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September-2020
Volume 20 Issue 3

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Spandidos Publications style
Yan Z, Gu YY, Hu XD, Zhao Q, Kang HL, Wang M, Duan W and Guan Y: Clinical outcomes and safety of apatinib monotherapy in the treatment of patients with advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma who progressed after standard regimens and the analysis of the VEGFR2 polymorphism. Oncol Lett 20: 3035-3045, 2020
APA
Yan, Z., Gu, Y., Hu, X., Zhao, Q., Kang, H., Wang, M. ... Guan, Y. (2020). Clinical outcomes and safety of apatinib monotherapy in the treatment of patients with advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma who progressed after standard regimens and the analysis of the VEGFR2 polymorphism. Oncology Letters, 20, 3035-3045. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11857
MLA
Yan, Z., Gu, Y., Hu, X., Zhao, Q., Kang, H., Wang, M., Duan, W., Guan, Y."Clinical outcomes and safety of apatinib monotherapy in the treatment of patients with advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma who progressed after standard regimens and the analysis of the VEGFR2 polymorphism". Oncology Letters 20.3 (2020): 3035-3045.
Chicago
Yan, Z., Gu, Y., Hu, X., Zhao, Q., Kang, H., Wang, M., Duan, W., Guan, Y."Clinical outcomes and safety of apatinib monotherapy in the treatment of patients with advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma who progressed after standard regimens and the analysis of the VEGFR2 polymorphism". Oncology Letters 20, no. 3 (2020): 3035-3045. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11857