Downregulation of lysine‑specific demethylase 1 enhances the sensitivity of hormone‑sensitive prostate cancer cells to androgen deprivation therapy
- Min Wang
- Xiuheng Liu
- Zhiyuan Chen
- Lu Zhang
- Xiaodong Weng
Affiliations: Department of Urology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430060, P.R. China
- Published online on: December 6, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.12354
Copyright: © Wang
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Lysine‑specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) plays an important role in androgen receptor (AR) signaling, and LSD1 levels are associated with prostate cancer (PCa) progression. The present study investigated the association between the downregulation of LSD1 and the proliferation and invasiveness of PCa cells, as well as the effect of LSD1 on the androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)‑induced apoptosis of PCa cells. The effect of the inhibition of LSD1 combined with ADT on PCa cell apoptosis was characterized. Furthermore, the mechanisms underlying LSD1‑mediated apoptosis induced by ADT in PCa cells were investigated. Downregulation of LSD1 impaired the proliferation and invasiveness of PCa cells. Moreover, downregulation of LSD1 enhanced the apoptosis of PCa cells induced by bicalutamide in vitro. Downregulation of LSD1 decreased PSA expression, increased caspase 3 and Bax expression, decreased Bcl‑2 expression and consequently enhanced castration‑induced PCa cell apoptosis in vivo. These findings indicated that downregulation of LSD1 could effectively enhance the efficacy of ADT for hormone‑ sensitive PCa, demonstrating that this could be a promising adjunctive therapy with ADT for this disease.