Field exposure to 50 Hz significantly affects wild‑type and unfolded p53 expression in NB69 neuroblastoma cells
- María Antonia Martínez
- Alejandro Úbeda
- Javier Martínez-Botas
- María Ángeles Trillo
Affiliations: Bioelectromagnetics Service, Department of Research, Ramón y Cajal University Hospital, Ramón Y Cajal Institute of Health Research, 28034 Madrid, Spain, Biochemistry Service, Department of Research, Ramón y Cajal University Hospital, Ramón Y Cajal Institute of Health Research, 28034 Madrid, Spain, Bioelectromagnetics Service, Department of Research, Ramón y Cajal University Hospital, Ramón Y Cajal Institute of Health Research, 28034 Madrid, Spain
- Published online on: July 5, 2022 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2022.13415
Copyright: © Martínez
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Previous studies have shown that intermittent exposure to a 50 Hz, 100 µT sinusoidal magnetic field (MF) promotes proliferation of human neuroblastoma cells, NB69. This effect is mediated by activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor through a free radical‑dependent activation of the p38 pathway. The present study investigated the possibility that the oxidative stress‑sensitive protein p53 is a potential target of the MF, and that field exposure can affect the protein expression. To that end, NB69 cells were exposed to short intervals of 30 to 120 min to the aforementioned MF parameters. Two specific anti‑p53 antibodies that allow discrimination between the wild and unfolded forms of p53 were used to study the expression and cellular distribution of both isoforms of the protein. The expression of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl‑2, whose regulation is mediated by p53, was also analyzed. The obtained results revealed that MF exposure induced increases in p53 gene expression and in protein expression of the wild‑type form of p53. Field exposure also caused overexpression of the unfolded form of p53, together with changes in the nuclear/cytoplasmic distribution of both forms of the protein. The expression of protein Bcl‑2 was also significantly increased in response to the MF. As a whole, these results indicated that the MF is capable of interacting with the function, distribution and conformation of protein p53. Such interactions could be involved in previously reported MF effects on NB69 proliferation promotion.