Open Access

ORP8 induces apoptosis by releasing cytochrome c from mitochondria in non‑small cell lung cancer

  • Authors:
    • Jiwei Li
    • Jieke Cui
    • Zhaoming Li
    • Xiaorui Fu
    • Jing Li
    • Hongwen Li
    • Shilei Wang
    • Mingzhi Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 24, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2020.7517
  • Pages: 1516-1524
  • Copyright: © Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer, and numerous oncogenes are associated with this disease. Oxysterol‑binding protein‑related protein 8 (ORP8) is essential for cell growth, migration and the modulation of mitochondrial respiration and morphology. However, the underlying role of ORP8 in NSCLC remains unclear. In the present study, it was reported that the expression of ORP8 was low in NSCLC cells and tissues. The ORP8 expression levels were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real‑time PCR (qPCR) and western blot analysis. ORP8 overexpression inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis in NSCLC cells with MTS, anchorage‑independent growth and Hoechst 33342 staining assay. Further experiments demonstrated that ORP8 overexpression induced the apoptosis of NSCLC cells via the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria into the cytoplasm with western blot analysis and confocal microscopy results. In addition, qPCR analysis showed that miR‑421 was upregulated in NSCLC cell lines, with the bioinformatics analysis, western blot analysis and Dual‑Luciferase reporter assay, it was determined that miR‑421 could target ORP8. The inhibition of cell proliferation via ORP8 overexpression was rescued by a miR‑421 mimic, which aided in maintaining the proliferative potential of the cells. Overall, the present study revealed that ORP8 may be a candidate target in the prevention and treatment of NSCLC.

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May 2020
Volume 43 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

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APA
Li, J., Cui, J., Li, Z., Fu, X., Li, J., Li, H. ... Zhang, M. (2020). ORP8 induces apoptosis by releasing cytochrome c from mitochondria in non‑small cell lung cancer. Oncology Reports, 43, 1516-1524. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2020.7517
MLA
Li, J., Cui, J., Li, Z., Fu, X., Li, J., Li, H., Wang, S., Zhang, M."ORP8 induces apoptosis by releasing cytochrome c from mitochondria in non‑small cell lung cancer". Oncology Reports 43.5 (2020): 1516-1524.
Chicago
Li, J., Cui, J., Li, Z., Fu, X., Li, J., Li, H., Wang, S., Zhang, M."ORP8 induces apoptosis by releasing cytochrome c from mitochondria in non‑small cell lung cancer". Oncology Reports 43, no. 5 (2020): 1516-1524. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2020.7517