lncRNA‑CASC15 promotes osteosarcoma proliferation and metastasis by regulating epithelial‑mesenchymal transition via the Wnt/β‑catenin signaling pathway
Affiliations: Department of Orthopedics, First People's Hospital of Shangqiu, Shangqiu, Henan 476100, P.R. China, Department of Bone and Soft Tissue Surgery, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450003, P.R. China
- Published online on: March 24, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2021.8027
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Osteosarcoma (OS) is a rare type of tumor and mostly occurs in children and adolescents. Approximately 10‑25% of patients with OS have lung metastases, and lung damage caused by lung metastasis is the main cause of mortality. Therefore, studying the growth and metastasis of OS is key in reducing OS mortality and improving prognosis. The expression of long non‑coding RNA (lncRNA) cancer susceptibility 15 (CASC15) in OS patients or OS cell lines were quantified by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR). The expression of vimentin, E‑cadherin, N‑cadherin, and cyclin D were detected by RT‑qPCR and western blotting. Mice were injected with OS cell lines via the tail vein to observe tumor formation in the lung. CCK‑8 and EdU assays were utilized to evaluate cell proliferation. Both Ttranswell assay and cell scratch test detected cell migration. The results revealed that lncRNA‑CASC15 was highly expressed in clinical samples and OS cells. In vitro verification experiments revealed that CASC15 promoted the growth of OS cells. Rescue experiments demonstrated that CASC15 affected the cell cycle by activating the Wnt/β‑catenin pathway, thereby promoting cell proliferation. Furthermore, the transfection dose test indicated that lentiviruses expressing various doses of CASC15‑overexpression (oe‑CASC15) altered the proliferation and migration status of OS cells. CASC15 promoted OS cell metastasis both in vivo and in vitro. The overexpression of CASC15 revealed that the occurrence of metastasis was also related to the Wnt/β‑catenin pathway. The western blotting results revealed that CASC15 could lead to β‑catenin entering the nucleus via the Wnt pathway to promote the epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) of OS cells. To sum up, CASC15 promoted the proliferation of OS cells in vitro and the growth of OS xenograft tumors in vivo. Moreover, CASC15 promoted the entry of β‑catenin into the nucleus, thus activating the Wnt pathway and subsequently promoting the EMT of OS cells.