Open Access

PRMT1 accelerates cell proliferation, migration, and tumor growth by upregulating ZEB1/H4R3me2as in thyroid carcinoma

  • Authors:
    • Guoli Feng
    • Changju Chen
    • Yi Luo
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 16, 2023
  • Article Number: 210
  • Copyright: © Feng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Thyroid carcinoma (TC) represents the most prevalent malignancy of the endocrine system. Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) is a critical member of the protein arginine methyltransferase family in mammals and is involved in multiple biological processes. This study aimed to investigate the function of PRMT1 in TC. In the present study, human TC cell lines (8505C, CAL62, and BCPAP) and a normal human thyroid cell line Nthy‑ori 3‑1 were employed. Small interfering RNA targeting PRMT1 was used to knock down PRMT1 expression in 8505C cells, and PRMT1 overexpression plasmids were transfected into BCPAP cells. Cell viability was assessed using a CCK‑8 and colony formation assays. Apoptosis was measured using flow cytometry and TUNEL assays. Cell migration was assessed using wound healing and Transwell assays. Reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR was used to determine the mRNA expression levels of PRMT1. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression levels of PRMT1, E‑cadherin, vimentin, H4R3me2as, and zinc‑finger E homeobox‑binding 1 (ZEB1). Notably, PRMT1 expression was elevated in TC (P<0.01). PRMT1 knockdown inhibited TC cell proliferation and migration and concurrently enhanced migration. Furthermore, PRMT1 knockdown suppressed tumor growth and metastasis in a mouse model of TC. PRMT1 downregulation increased E‑cadherin expression and decreased the expression of vimentin, H4R3me2as, and ZEB1 in the TC cells and the mouse model of TC. Conversely, PRMT1 overexpression had the opposite effect on TC malignant characteristics (P<0.05). These findings suggest that PRMT1 knockdown inhibited TC malignancy by downregulating H4R3me2as/ZEB1, thereby highlighting novel therapeutic targets and diagnostic markers for the management of TC.


Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is the most prevalent malignant endocrine neoplasm originating from either the thyroid follicular or parafollicular epithelial cells (1). Notably, it constitutes ~12% of newly diagnosed cancers in adolescents and has witnessed a steady increase in incidence rates (2,3). Predominantly affecting females, TC ranks as the second most common cancer in young women aged 18–35 years old (4). Multiple carcinogenic factors, including nutrition/dietary practices, obesity, and radiation exposure, synergistically contribute to the onset of TC (5). Current therapeutic modalities, which include radiation, thyroid hormone therapy, and surgery, are frequently employed in combination (5,6). Although the treatment of TC is improving, owing to the lack of precise molecular targets, the overall 5-year survival rate of patients with TC remains suboptimal, particularly in patients with advanced clinical stage TC (7). Therefore, there is an urgent need to improve our understanding of the underlying mechanisms and to identify novel therapeutic strategies for the management of TC.

Arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1), a member of the PRMT family, plays an important role in arginine methylation (8). PRMT1 can coactivate the histone code and epigenetic control by methylating histone H4 at the third arginine residue (H4R3) (9), in particular H4R3me2as, which is a marker of transcriptional activation (10). PRMT1 modulates epigenetic changes in physiological and pathophysiological processes including cell proliferation, survival, and metabolism (11). Increased PRMT1 expression drives tumorigenesis and progression in various types of cancer, including lung, breast, and prostate cancer (1214). Collectively, these results indicate that PRMT1 contributes to cancer progression by methylating both histone and non-histone proteins. A previous study revealed that PRMT1 was aberrantly expressed in TC tumor tissues compared with normal tissues (15). However, to the best of the authors' knowledge, there are no studies assessing the function of PRMT1 in TC.

Zinc-finger E homeobox-binding 1 (ZEB1) is an important transcription factor for epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) (16). It is aberrantly expressed in several types of cancer, including gastric, colorectal, and cervical cancer (1719). Evidence has shown that PRMT1 modulates EMT by regulating ZEB1 expression in breast cancer (20). Furthermore, ZEB1 expression is associated with PRMT1 expression in pancreatic cancer cells (21). However, it remains unclear whether PRMT1 regulates ZEB1 expression in TC.

In this study, the effect of PRMT1 on TC cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis was assessed by modulating its expression in vitro using TC cell lines and in vivo using a xenograft mouse model. This study offers a novel perspective for potential therapeutic avenues in the management of TC.

Materials and methods

Cell culture

Human TC cell lines (8505C, CAL62, and BCPAP) and the normal human thyroid cell line Nthy-ori 3-1 were supplied by the National Collection of Authenticated Cell Cultures. The BCPAP cells were authenticated using short tandem repeat profiling (iCell Bioscience, Inc.). 8505C and CAL62 cells were cultured in DMEM (Gibco; Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc.), whereas BCPAP and Nthy-ori 3-1 cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 medium (Gibco; Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc.). In both cases, media was supplemented with 10% FBS (MilliporeSigma) and cells were maintained in a humidified incubator supplied with 5% CO2 air at 37°C.

Cell transfection and treatment

PRMT1 small interfering RNA (siRNA; si-PRMT1), negative control (si-NC), si-ZEB1, and a PRMTI overexpression plasmid (oe-PRMT1) were designed by Tsingke Biotechnology Co., Ltd. The cells were cultured to 70–80% confluence in six-well plates. Next, 8505C cells were transfected with 50 nM si-PRMT1 or si-NC and BCPAP cells with 0.8 µg oe-PRMT1 or co-transfected with si-ZEB1 using the Lipofectamine® 3000 system (Invitrogen; Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc.) for 6 h. The sequences of siRNA were: si-PRMT1, GCCTACTTCAACATCGAGT; si-ZEB1, TGCAGAAAATGAGCAAAACCATG; and si-NC, TTCTCCGAACGTGTCACG. Cells transfected with si-PRMT1 were then treated with 10 or 50 µM AMI-1 (a PRMT1 inhibitor; T2352; TargetMol) for 48 h, or otherwise untreated and used as control cells.

CCK-8 assay

Cell viability was determined using a CCK-8 assay kit (Beyotime Institute of Biotechnology), according to the manufacturer's instructions. The 8505C or BCPAP cells (5×103 cells/well) were placed into 96-well plates and cultured for 0, 10, or 24 h for 8505C cells, or 0, 48, and 72 h for BCPAP, after which they were treated with 10 µl CCK-8 reagent for a further 2 h. Subsequently, the absorbance at 450 nm was measured using a microplate reader (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc.).

Colony formation assay

BCPAP and 8505C cells (1×103 cells/well) were incubated for 7 days in six-well plates. The cells were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde for 15 min and stained with 0.1% crystal violet (Sangon Biotech) for 10 min both at room temperature, after which cells were imaged using a light microscope at ×100 magnification (Olympus Corporation). The number of colonies in five random, non-overlapping fields of view were counted and averaged.

Flow cytometry assay

Apoptosis was assessed using an Annexin V-FITC Apoptosis Detection Kit (MilliporeSigma). BCPCP and 8505C cells were seeded in six-well plates at a density of 1×105 cells/well. Cells were allowed to adhere overnight after which the cells were stained with Annexin V/PI for 10 min at room temperature and the percentage of apoptotic cells was examined using a flow cytometer (FACSCalibur; BD Biosciences) and analyzed using CellQuest software 3.3 (BD Biosciences).

Wound healing assay

The cells were incubated until they were 90% confluent in six-well plates. The monolayer of cells was scratched using a 100 µl pipette tip. After removing the detached cells using PBS, the cells were imaged (0 h) and then incubated for 24 h and imaged again (24 h). Cell images were acquired using an inverted light microscope (Olympus Corporation) at 0 and 24 h. The wound width was measured using Image-Pro Plus 6.0 (Media Cybernetics, Inc.).

Transwell assays

Cell migration was determined using a Corning BioCoat Matrigel Invasion Chamber (Corning, NY, USA). To the upper chamber of the Transwell insert, a 200 µl of serum-free cell suspension (5×104 cells) was added. Medium (600 µl) with 10% FBS was added to the lower chambers. After 24 h of incubation, the invaded cells were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde for 30 min and stained with crystal violet for an additional 30 min both at room temperature. Cells were counted in five arbitrary optical fields of view under a light microscope (magnification, ×200; Olympus Corporation).

Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR)

Total RNA was extracted from TC tissues and cells using the TRIzol® reagent (Invitrogen; Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc.). cDNA was synthesized using the FastKing-RT SuperMix (Tiangen Biotech Co., Ltd.). Next, Super SYBR Green qPCR Master mix (Life Inc.) was used for PCR amplification using a real-time PCR system (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc.). The amplification conditions were 95°C for 3 min for denaturation; followed by 40 cycles of 95°C for 5 sec, and 60°C for 45 sec. Relative mRNA expression was determined using the 2−ΔΔCq method (22), with β-actin serving as an internal control. The primer sequences used were: PRMT1 forward, 5′-ACTGCCTCTTCTACGAGTCCA-3′ and reverse, 5′-TGCACGTAGTCATTCCGCTT-3′; ZEB1 forward, 5′-ACTCTGATTCTACACCGC-3′ and reverse, 5′-TGTCACATTGATAGGGCTT-3′; and β-actin forward, 5′-GACAGGATGCAGAAGGAGATTACT-3′ and reverse, 5′-TGATCCACATCTGCTGGAAGGT-3′.

Xenograft mouse model

All animal experiments were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Affiliated Hospital of the Zunyi Medical University (approval no. zyfy-an-2023-0185). BALB/C nude mice (female, 6 weeks, 18–20 g, n=16) were supplied by GemPharmatech and fed in specific pathogen-free facilities with a 12/12 h light/dark cycle at 22–24°C. All the mice had ad libitum access to food and water during the experimental period. To establish TC tumor-bearing mice, 8505C or PRMT1-knockdown 8505C cell suspensions (4×106 cells/mouse) were subcutaneously injected every 4 days (n=4 in each group). Tumor volume was monitored every 3 days and calculated as volume=0.5 × length × width2. To assess TC pulmonary metastasis in a nude mouse model, cell suspensions (1×106) were injected into mice through the tail vein. After 28 days, the mice anesthetized using 2% pentobarbital sodium (30 mg/kg), followed by euthanasia by cervical dislocation. The tumors were harvested, weighed, images captured with a camera (Leica Camera AG), and prepared for subsequent examination.

Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining

Thyroid tumor tissues were fixed in 10% neutral-buffered formalin. Paraffin-embedded tissues were then cut into 4 µm-thick sections and stained using hematoxylin for 5 min and eosin for 2 min at room temperature after dewaxing. Finally, histological changes in the tumor sections were analyzed under a light microscope (Olympus Corporation).

TUNEL analysis

Cytospin preparations of tumor sections were examined using a TUNEL assay. Samples were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in 0.1% sodium citrate for 2 min on ice and fixed for 15 min with 4% paraformaldehyde. The TUNEL assay was performed using an in-situ cell death detection kit according to the manufacturer's protocol (Fluorescein; Roche Diagnostics GmbH).

Immunofluorescence (IF) analysis

Cells were resuspended in media supplemented with 10% FBS and cultured for 6 h on chamber slides, after which they were fixed in ice-cold 80% methanol for 10 min. Permeabilization was performed using 0.5% Triton X-100 (MilliporeSigma) for 10 min. The cells were then incubated with anti-vimentin (cat. no. ab286811, 1:100; Abcam) or anti-E-cadherin (cat. no. ab40772, 1:500; Abcam) fluorescent primary antibodies for 60 min at room temperature. Then, samples were counterstained with 1 µg/ml DAPI for 5 min at room temperature, and slides were imaged using a fluorescence microscope (magnification, ×400; Olympus Corporation).

Western blotting

Total protein was acquired from TC tumor tissues and cells using RIPA lysis buffer (Beyotime Institute of Biotechnology) and protein concentration was measured using a BCA kit (Beyotime Institute of Biotechnology). A total of 20 µg protein was loaded on a 10% SDS gel, resolved using SDS-PAGE, and transferred to a PVDF membrane (Beyotime Institute of Biotechnology). After blocking with 5% non-fat milk, the membrane was incubated overnight at 4°C with one of the following primary antibodies: Anti-PRMT1 (cat. no. ab73246; 1:500; Abcam), anti-E-cadherin (cat. no. ab40772; 1:10,000; Abcam), anti-vimentin (cat. no. ab137321; 1:1,000; Abcam), anti-ZEB1 (cat. no. ab81972; 1:2,000; Abcam), anti-H4R3me2as (cat. no. 39705; 1:1,000; Active Motif), or anti-GAPDH (cat. no. ab9485; 1:2,500; Abcam). The membrane was then incubated with a goat anti-rabbit IgG secondary antibody (cat. no. ab205718; 1:2,000; Abcam) for 60 min. Protein bands were observed using ECL reagent (Wuhan Servicebio Technology Co., Ltd.) and quantified using ImageJ version 1.8.0 (National Institutes of Health).

Statistical analysis

Data are presented as the mean ± SD of at least 3 independent repeats. Differences between ≥3 groups were compared using a one-way ANOVA followed by a post hoc Tukey's test. Differences between 2 groups were compared using a Student's t-test. GraphPad Prism version 8.0 (GraphPad Software, Inc.) was used for statistical analyses. P<0.05 was considered to indicate a statistically significant difference.


PRMT1 is upregulated in TC

First, PRMT1 expression in the TC cell lines 8505C and CAL62 was assessed and compared with that in Nthy-ori 3-1 cells. Notably, PRMT1 expression was significantly upregulated in the TC cell lines (P<0.01; Fig. 1).

PRMT1 knockdown inhibits cell proliferation and migration and promotes cell apoptosis in TC

8505C cells are a mesenchymal TC cell line, and it has been shown that the upregulated genes in the mesenchymal TC cell line are primarily involved in DNA replication and exhibit increased proliferative and migratory capacity compared with other cell lines (23). Therefore, si-PRMT1 was transfected into 8505C cells, and cells treated with PRMT1 inhibitor (10 or 50 µM AMI-1) were used as positive controls. The results showed that the expression of PRMT1 mRNA and protein was reduced in 8505C cells after treatment with AMI-1 or transfected with si-PRMT1 (P<0.01; Fig. 2A and B). si-PRMT1 transfection exhibited a better ability in reducing PRMT1 expression than did treatment with AMI-1 (P<0.01; Fig. 2A and B). The CCK-8 assays showed a marked decrease in cell viability following PRMT1 knockdown (P<0.01; Fig. 2C). Additionally, the colony formation rate decreased upon PRMT1 knockdown (P<0.01; Fig. 2D). Apoptosis was increased following knockdown of PRMT1 (P<0.01; Fig. 2E). Wound healing and Transwell assays were used to further verify the effect of PRMT1 knockdown on cell migration (P<0.01; Fig. 2F and G). The levels of PRMT1 expression and cell proliferation, colony formation, and migration of 8505C cells treated with 50 µM AMI-1 were significantly lower than those of cells treated with 10 µM AMI-1 (P0.05; Fig. 2A-G). These results demonstrated that PRMT1 knockdown/inhibition reduced the metastatic potential and increased the apoptosis of TC cells.

PRMT1 knockdown suppresses cell metastasis and downregulates the expression of ZEB1 and H4R3me2as in TC

Subsequently, the inhibitory mechanism of PRMT1 knockdown on TC progression was assessed by determining the expression of E-cadherin, vimentin, ZEB1, and H4R3me2as in 8505C cells treated with or without si-PRMT1 or AMI-1. IF results indicated that E-cadherin expression increased, whereas vimentin expression decreased in 8505C cells treated with AMI-1 or si-PRMT1 compared to si-NC cells (Fig. 3A). Western blotting was used to further verify that PRMT1 downregulation promoted E-cadherin expression (P<0.01) and reduced vimentin expression (P<0.01; Fig. 3B). AMI-1 exerted its effect on the levels of E-cadherin and vimentin in a dose-dependent manner, and 50 µM AMI-1 showed a better efficiency in regulating the expression of E-cadherin and vimentin than si-PRMT1 (P<0.01; Fig. 3B).

PRMT1 downregulation also decreased the protein expression levels of ZEB1 and H4R3me2as (P<0.01; Fig. 3B). Notably, si-PRMT1 exhibited a better effect on reversing ZEB1 expression compared with 10 µM AMI-1 (P<0.01; Fig. 3B).

PRMT1 overexpression accelerates TC progression by downregulating the expression of ZEB1 and H4R3me2as

To further verify the role of PRMT1 on the malignant characteristics of TC, PRMT1 was overexpressed in BCPAP cells, a TC cell line that has been previously used as a control of 8505C cells (24). PRMT1 expression was successfully upregulated after transfection with oe-PRMT1 (P<0.01; Fig. 4A and B). Compared with the control cells, PRMT1 overexpression promoted cell proliferation and migration (P<0.05) but did not significantly affect apoptosis (P=0.06; Fig. 4C-G). Additionally, E-cadherin expression was downregulated, and vimentin expression was upregulated in BCPAP cells upon PRMT1 overexpression (P<0.05; Fig. 4H and I). PRMT1 overexpression increased the expression of ZEB1 and H4R3me2as in BCPAP cells (P<0.01; Fig. 4I). This study further demonstrates that PRMT1 promotes TC progression by upregulating the expression of ZEB1 and H4R3me2as.

Subsequently, BCPAP cells were co-transfected with oe-PRMT1 and si-ZEB1. As shown in Fig. 5A and B, ZEB1 expression was successfully knocked down following si-ZEB1 transfection, and PRMT1 expression was elevated in BCPAP cells (P<0.01). ZEB1 knockdown reversed the effects of PRMT1 overexpression on promoting cell proliferation, migration, and expression of vimentin and E-cadherin (P<0.01; Fig. 5C-G). Additionally, ZEB1 inhibition downregulated the protein expression of H4R3me2as induced by oe-PRMT1 (P<0.01; Fig. 5G).

PRMT1 knockdown reduces tumor growth and metastasis by downregulating ZEB1/H4R3me2as in a xenograft mouse model of TC

A TC xenograft mouse model was established to explore the effects of PRMT1 on tumor growth. PRMT1 protein levels were reduced in TC tumor tissues from tumor-bearing mice treated with si-PRMT1 or AMI-1 compared with those in the control group (P<0.01; Fig. 6A). The data showed that PRMT1 downregulation inhibited tumor growth in mice (P<0.01; Fig. 6B). Cells in the si-NC group exhibited apparent ablation, and the nuclei showed nuclear pleomorphism and small nucleoli; however, PRMT1 downregulation ameliorated these phenomena (Fig. 6C). Moreover, there were pulmonary nodules in the lungs of mice with TC, and the extent of these nodules was reduced in the mice injected with the PRMT1 knockdown cells (P<0.01; Fig. 6D). TUNEL apoptosis assays showed that the number of positive cells increased following PRMT1 knockdown (Fig. 6E). Western blotting indicated that E-cadherin expression was upregulated, whereas the expression of vimentin, ZEB1, and H4R3me2as was decreased following PRMT1 knockdown (P<0.05; Fig. 6F). Additionally, AMI-1 regulated tumor growth and the expression these proteins in a dose-dependent manner, and 50 µM AMI-1 exhibited a more potent effect than si-PRMT1 (P<0.05; Fig. 6A-F).


TC is the most prevalent endocrine neoplasm (1). PRMT1, which catalyzes the protein methylation of arginine residues, plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis (25). In the present study, PRMT1 expression was increased in TC, and its downregulation inhibited cell proliferation and migration, as well as tumor growth and metastasis. Furthermore, the expression levels of ZEB1 and H4R3me2as were determined to be associated with those of PRMT1, suggesting a novel PRMT1/ZEB1/H4R3me2as axis that is involved in the malignant progression of TC.

PRMT1 is the primary type I PRMT, and accounts for 85% of the activity of type I PRMTs in mammals. PRMT1 participates in various cellular processes due to the diversity of its histone and non-histone substrates (26). Previous studies have implicated PRMT1 in various cancers, as it regulates post-translational modifications that are crucial for cancer pathophysiology (27,28). PRMT1 expression can be used to predict the outcomes of neoadjuvant treatments for locally advanced uterine cervical cancer (29). Li et al (30) reported that PRMT1 promoted breast cancer cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. In the present study, PRMT1 upregulation was observed in a TC cell line. Subsequent experiments revealed that PRMT1 knockdown suppressed TC cell proliferation and migration, whereas its overexpression accelerated these processes. In addition, PRMT1 delayed TC tumor growth and metastasis in a xenograft tumor mouse model. These results indicated that PRMT1 was associated with TC tumorigenesis.

EMT is a morphogenetic reversible process related to tumor initiation, invasion, metastasis, and resistance to therapy (31). EMT is orchestrated by a collection of transcription factors, including ZEB1, ZEB2, and zinc finger proteins (32). E-cadherin and vimentin are important mesenchymal biomarkers (33). E-cadherin is a tumor suppressor protein, and its downregulation in association with EMT frequently occurs during tumor metastasis (34). Vimentin is a filamentous protein that is confirmed to be upregulated during cancer metastasis (35). In the present study, E-cadherin expression was elevated, and vimentin expression was reduced following PRMT1 knockdown. Furthermore, the metastasis of TC cells to the lungs was observed, as evidenced by pulmonary nodule formation in mice. However, PRMT1 downregulation inhibited this pulmonary nodule formation. Collectively, these results revealed that PRMT1 participates in TC tumor progression and that its knockdown reduces metastasis.

H4R3me2as, a specific substrate of PRMT1, is a transcriptional activation marker (26). A previous study reported that the methylation of H4R3 by PRMT1 is necessary for the activation of its expression (36). PRMT1 regulates tumor-initiating properties through H4 arginine methylation in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (37). The results of the present study revealed that H4R3me2as expression was regulated by PRMT1 and was related to TC progression. Previous studies demonstrated that PRMT1 participates in pancreatic cancer progression by targeting ZEB1 (21). ZEB1 is an EMT-related transcription factor (38). Abnormal ZEB1 expression has been confirmed in multiple types of cancer, including breast (39), colorectal (40), hepatocellular (41), and ovarian cancer (42). Morillo-Bernal et al (43) demonstrated that ZEB1 is a target of FOXE1 in regulating TC progression. In the present study, ZEB1 was upregulated in TC and tumor tissues. PRMT1 has been reported to function as an upstream mediator of the ZEB family of proteins (44). This upregulation also promotes EMT (45). These results also revealed that PRMT1 knockdown reduced ZEB1 expression in TC and tumor tissues. Based on these data, it is hypothesized that PRMT1 knockdown may suppress TC progression by downregulating ZEB1/H4R3me2as.

In conclusion, the present study showed that PRMT1 was upregulated in both TC and tumor-bearing mice. PRMT1 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation and migration and promoted apoptosis in TC. Importantly, it was shown that PRMT1 participated in TC progression by upregulating ZEB1 and H4R3me2as expression levels. These results provide critical insights into PRMT1-driven TC pathophysiology and treatment as well as identifying novel potential therapeutic targets and diagnostic biomarkers for the management of TC. However, further studies are required to confirm whether PRMT1 can influence the phenotypes of normal cells and uncover its clinical applicability. In addition, studies are required to verify the role of PRMT1 in the regulating of ZEB1 expression in TC progression.


Not applicable.


Funding: No funding was received.

Availability of data and materials

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the present study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

Authors' contributions

GF conceived the study, collected the data, analyzed the data, and wrote and revised the manuscript. CC and YL designed the study and collected the data.

Ethics approval and consent to participate

All animal experiments were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Affiliated Hospital of the Zunyi Medical University (approval no. zyfy-an-2023-0185).

Patient consent for publication

Not applicable.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.





thyroid carcinoma


protein arginine methyltransferase 1


zinc-finger E homeobox-binding 1


epithelial-mesenchymal transition



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Feng G, Chen C and Luo Y: PRMT1 accelerates cell proliferation, migration, and tumor growth by upregulating ZEB1/H4R3me2as in thyroid carcinoma. Oncol Rep 50: 210, 2023
Feng, G., Chen, C., & Luo, Y. (2023). PRMT1 accelerates cell proliferation, migration, and tumor growth by upregulating ZEB1/H4R3me2as in thyroid carcinoma. Oncology Reports, 50, 210.
Feng, G., Chen, C., Luo, Y."PRMT1 accelerates cell proliferation, migration, and tumor growth by upregulating ZEB1/H4R3me2as in thyroid carcinoma". Oncology Reports 50.6 (2023): 210.
Feng, G., Chen, C., Luo, Y."PRMT1 accelerates cell proliferation, migration, and tumor growth by upregulating ZEB1/H4R3me2as in thyroid carcinoma". Oncology Reports 50, no. 6 (2023): 210.