Microwaves and Alzheimer's disease (Review)
- Xia Zhang
- Wen-Juan Huang
- Wei-Wei Chen
Affiliations: Department of Neurology, Xuzhou Central Hospital, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221009, P.R. China
- Published online on: August 4, 2016 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2016.3567
Copyright: © Zhang
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
terms of Creative
Commons Attribution License.
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Alzheimer's diseases (AD) is the most common type of dementia and a neurodegenerative disease that occurs when the nerve cells in the brain die. The cause and treatment of AD remain unknown. However, AD is a disease that affects the brain, an organ that controls behavior. Accordingly, anything that can interact with the brain may affect this organ positively or negatively, thereby protecting or encouraging AD. In this regard, modern life encompasses microwaves for all issues including industrial, communications, medical and domestic tenders, and among all applications, the cell phone wave, which directly exposes the brain, continues to be the most used. Evidence suggests that microwaves may produce various biological effects on the central nervous system (CNS) and many arguments relay the possibility that microwaves may be involved in the pathophysiology of CNS disease, including AD. By contrast, previous studies have reported some beneficial cognitive effects and that microwaves may protect against cognitive impairment in AD. However, although many of the beneficial effects of microwaves are derived from animal models, but can easily be extrapolated to humans, whether microwaves cause AD is an important issue that is to be addressed in the current review.