Influence of cartilage interstitial fluid on gene expression in cruciate ligament fibroblasts
- Anna Osiecka‑Iwan
- Stanisław Moskalewski
- Anna Kosowska
- Anna Hyc
Published online on: October 27, 2017
Loading of articular cartilage during motion squeezes the fluid from the cartilage, termed cartilage interstitial fluid (CIF), which was found to influence gene expression in synovial membrane cells. After crucial ligaments damage, these cells are exposed to synovial fluid containing factors released from articular cartilage; the aim of the present study was to establish the influence of CIF and factors present in CIF (CIF‑like cocktails) on crucial ligament fibroblasts. CIF was squeezed from articular‑epiphyseal cartilage complexes of newborn rats. Fibroblasts were obtained from crucial ligaments of adult rat knee joints. Cells were cultured in control medium, CIF and CIF‑like cocktails, and the expression of selected genes was evaluated using quantitative PCR. CIF stimulated the expression of HAS1, HAS2, aggrecan, lubricin, MMP3, TIMP3 and TGFβ1. Expression of collagen type I, versican, MMP2, TIMP2, TNF and IL1β was inhibited. The CIF‑like cocktail stimulated HAS1, HAS2, collagen type I, versican, aggrecan, lubricin, TIMP1, TGFβ1, IL1β, IL6 and inhibited of MMP3 and TNF expression. Both agents exerted similar effects on the expression of HAS2, aggrecan, lubricin, TGFβ1 and TNF. CIF contains inhibitory and stimulatory factors affecting gene expression in crucial ligament fibroblasts and some of them were not included in the CIF‑like cocktail. Due to the powerful influence of CIF on crucial ligament fibroblasts and the synovial membrane, further studies on its composition are needed. An improved CIF like‑cocktail could be applied in the treatment of various joint or tendon ailments.