Open Access

Induced pluripotent stem cell-conditioned medium suppresses pulmonary fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation via the inhibition of TGF-β1/Smad pathway

  • Authors:
    • Yan Zhou
    • Qiang Zhang
    • Yuan Gao
    • Mingqi Tan
    • Rui Zheng
    • Li Zhao
    • Xiaoye Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 19, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3199
  • Pages:473-484
  • Copyright: © Zhou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Therapeutic strategies based on stem cells have been shown to have potential in improving the condition of severe lung diseases. In this study, the suppressive effects of conditioned medium (CM) of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) on pulmonary fibroblast differentiation were investigated in a series of in vitro and in vivo experiments. Moreover, the underlying mechanisms through which iPSC-CM inhibited the differentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts were explored as well. iPSCs were generated using a mouse 3-gene transfection method, myofibroblast-like cells were induced by incubating human fibroblasts with transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and mouse models of pulmonary fibrosis (PF) were established by an injection of bleomycin. Based on these experiments, the effects of iPSC-CM on collagen accumulation, lung structure and the TGF-β1-mediated pathway were determined. It was found that treatment with iPSC-CM markedly reduced the proliferation of TGF-β1-exposed cells, and the activities of TGF-β1, Smad-2 and Smad-3. Accompanied by alterations in the expression of the indicated molecules, the lung structure of mice with PF was also markedly ameliorated. The present study confirmed the protective effects of iPSC-CM on lung tissue against PF, and it was also inferred that the ameliorating function of iPSC-CM on PF may be exerted through the blocking of TGF-β1/Smad signal transduction pathway.

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January 2018
Volume 41 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

2016 Impact Factor: 2.341
Ranked #21/128 Medicine Research and Experimental
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APA
Zhou, Y., Zhang, Q., Gao, Y., Tan, M., Zheng, R., Zhao, L., & Zhang, X. (2018). Induced pluripotent stem cell-conditioned medium suppresses pulmonary fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation via the inhibition of TGF-β1/Smad pathway. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 41, 473-484. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3199
MLA
Zhou, Y., Zhang, Q., Gao, Y., Tan, M., Zheng, R., Zhao, L., Zhang, X."Induced pluripotent stem cell-conditioned medium suppresses pulmonary fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation via the inhibition of TGF-β1/Smad pathway". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 41.1 (2018): 473-484.
Chicago
Zhou, Y., Zhang, Q., Gao, Y., Tan, M., Zheng, R., Zhao, L., Zhang, X."Induced pluripotent stem cell-conditioned medium suppresses pulmonary fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation via the inhibition of TGF-β1/Smad pathway". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 41, no. 1 (2018): 473-484. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3199