Open Access

PIK3R1 targeting by miR-21 suppresses tumor cell migration and invasion by reducing PI3K/AKT signaling and reversing EMT, and predicts clinical outcome of breast cancer

  • Authors:
    • Li-Xu Yan
    • Yan-Hui Liu
    • Jian-Wen Xiang
    • Qi-Nian Wu
    • Lei-Bo Xu
    • Xin-Lan Luo
    • Xiao-Lan Zhu
    • Chao Liu
    • Fang-Ping Xu
    • Dong-Lan Luo
    • Ping Mei
    • Jie Xu
    • Ke-Ping Zhang
    • Jie Chen
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 10, 2015     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2015.3287
  • Pages: 471-484
  • Copyright: © Yan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

We have previously shown that dysregulation of miR-21 functioned as an oncomiR in breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the mechanisms by which miR-21 regulate breast tumor migration and invasion. We applied pathway analysis on genome microarray data and target-predicting algorithms for miR-21 target screening, and used luciferase reporting assay to confirm the direct target. Thereafter, we investigated the function of the target gene phosphoinositide-3-kinase, regulatory subunit 1 (α) (PIK3R1), and detected PIK3R1 coding protein (p85α) by immunohistochemistry and miR-21 by RT-qPCR on 320 archival paraffin-embedded tissues of breast cancer to evaluate the correlation of their expression with prognosis. First, we found that PIK3R1 suppressed growth, invasiveness, and metastatic properties of breast cancer cells. Next, we identified the PIK3R1 as a direct target of miR-21 and showed that it was negatively regulated by miR-21. Furthermore, we demonstrated that p85α overexpression phenocopied the suppression effects of antimiR-21 on breast cancer cell growth, migration and invasion, indicating its tumor suppressor role in breast cancer. On the contrary, PIK3R1 knockdown abrogated antimiR‑21-induced effect on breast cancer cells. Notably, antimiR-21 induction increased p85α, accompanied by decreased p-AKT level. Besides, antimiR-21/PIK3R1-induced suppression of invasiveness in breast cancer cells was mediated by reversing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). p85α downregulation was found in 25 (7.8%) of the 320 breast cancer patients, and was associated with inferior 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Taken together, we provide novel evidence that miR-21 knockdown suppresses cell growth, migration and invasion partly by inhibiting PI3K/AKT activation via direct targeting PIK3R1 and reversing EMT in breast cancer. p85α downregulation defined a specific subgroup of breast cancer with shorter 5-year DFS and OS, which may require more aggressive treatment.

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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Yan, L., Liu, Y., Xiang, J., Wu, Q., Xu, L., Luo, X. ... Chen, J. (2016). PIK3R1 targeting by miR-21 suppresses tumor cell migration and invasion by reducing PI3K/AKT signaling and reversing EMT, and predicts clinical outcome of breast cancer. International Journal of Oncology, 48, 471-484. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2015.3287
MLA
Yan, L., Liu, Y., Xiang, J., Wu, Q., Xu, L., Luo, X., Zhu, X., Liu, C., Xu, F., Luo, D., Mei, P., Xu, J., Zhang, K., Chen, J."PIK3R1 targeting by miR-21 suppresses tumor cell migration and invasion by reducing PI3K/AKT signaling and reversing EMT, and predicts clinical outcome of breast cancer". International Journal of Oncology 48.2 (2016): 471-484.
Chicago
Yan, L., Liu, Y., Xiang, J., Wu, Q., Xu, L., Luo, X., Zhu, X., Liu, C., Xu, F., Luo, D., Mei, P., Xu, J., Zhang, K., Chen, J."PIK3R1 targeting by miR-21 suppresses tumor cell migration and invasion by reducing PI3K/AKT signaling and reversing EMT, and predicts clinical outcome of breast cancer". International Journal of Oncology 48, no. 2 (2016): 471-484. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2015.3287