Non-canonical Hedgehog signaling activation in ovarian borderline tumors and ovarian carcinomas

  • Authors:
    • Petar Ozretić
    • Diana Trnski
    • Vesna Musani
    • Ivana Maurac
    • Držislav Kalafatić
    • Slavko Orešković
    • Sonja Levanat
    • Maja Sabol
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 12, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2017.4156
  • Pages:1869-1877
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Abstract

Hedgehog signaling pathway has been implicated in the pathology of ovarian cancer, and Survivin (BIRC5) has been suggested as a novel target of this pathway. Herein we investigated the role of Hedgehog signaling pathway and Survivin in ovarian carcinoma and borderline tumor samples. We aimed to determine possible ways of pathway modulation on primary ovarian cancer cells and an established cell line. RNA was extracted from fresh tumors and control tissues and gene expression was examined using qRT-PCR. Pathway activity in cell lines was examined after treatment with cyclopamine, SHH protein, GANT-61 or lithium chloride using qRT-PCR, western blot and confocal microscopy. The difference between control tissue, borderline tumors and carcinomas can be seen in GLI1 and SUFU gene expression, which is significantly higher in borderline tumors compared to carcinomas. SUFU also shows lower expression levels in higher FIGO stages relative to lower stages. BIRC5 is expressed in all tumors and in healthy ovarian tissues compared to our control tissue, healthy fallopian tube samples. Primary cells developed from ovarian carcinoma tissue respond to cyclopamine treatment with a short-term decrease in cell proliferation, downregulation of Hedgehog pathway genes, including BIRC5, and changes in protein dynamics. Stimulation with SHH protein results in increased cell migration, while GLI1 transfection or PTCH1 silencing demonstrate pathway upregulation. The pathway activity can be modulated by LiCl at the GSK3β-SUFU-GLI level, suggesting at least partial non-canonical activation. Downregulation of the pathway with GANT-61 has proved to be more effective than cyclopamine. GLI inhibitors may be a superior treatment option in ovarian cancer compared to SMO inhibitors.

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December 2017
Volume 51 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

2016 Impact Factor: 3.079
Ranked #33/217 Oncology
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APA
Ozretić, P., Trnski, D., Musani, V., Maurac, I., Kalafatić, D., Orešković, S. ... Sabol, M. (2017). Non-canonical Hedgehog signaling activation in ovarian borderline tumors and ovarian carcinomas. International Journal of Oncology, 51, 1869-1877. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2017.4156
MLA
Ozretić, P., Trnski, D., Musani, V., Maurac, I., Kalafatić, D., Orešković, S., Levanat, S., Sabol, M."Non-canonical Hedgehog signaling activation in ovarian borderline tumors and ovarian carcinomas". International Journal of Oncology 51.6 (2017): 1869-1877.
Chicago
Ozretić, P., Trnski, D., Musani, V., Maurac, I., Kalafatić, D., Orešković, S., Levanat, S., Sabol, M."Non-canonical Hedgehog signaling activation in ovarian borderline tumors and ovarian carcinomas". International Journal of Oncology 51, no. 6 (2017): 1869-1877. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2017.4156