18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission computed tomography for monitoring tumor response in esophageal carcinoma treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy

  • Authors:
    • Peiliang Zhang
    • Zengyun Li
    • Dongqing Wang
    • Fuling Ma
    • Ran Zhang
    • Wanhua Liang
    • Mingping Sun
    • Zheng Fu
    • Xiaorong Sun
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 5, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7528
  • Pages:1845-1852
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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to explore the value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F‑FDG PET) in monitoring the early tumor response of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT). A total of 48 patients with pathologically proven ESCC were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent two serial 18F‑FDG PET scans at baseline (pre‑CRT) and 40 Gy/4 weeks of starting radiation therapy (inter‑CRT). All patients received intensity‑modulated radiotherapy (with a total radiation dose of 59.6 Gy) concurrently with cisplatin‑based chemotherapy. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and metabolic tumor volume (MTV) were measured using 18F‑FDG PET. The percentage changes (Δ) in SUVmax and MTV between two serial scans were calculated and were revealed to be associated with the objective tumor response (oTR), according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1. Among the 48 patients, 20.8% achieved a complete response, 68.8% exhibited a partial response and the oTR rate was 89.6%. On the pre‑CRT PET scans, the mean SUVmax and MTV were 14.1±5.8 and 58.2±25.4 cm3, respectively. Following 40 Gy irradiation over 4 weeks, the mean SUVmax and MTV significantly decreased to 4.3±3.5 and 19.0±12.1 cm3, respectively (P<0.001). A significantly higher ΔSUVmax and ΔMTV was observed in the responders compared with that in the non‑responders [0.71±0.16 vs. 0.51±0.26 (P=0.015); and 0.64±0.13 vs. 0.42±0.09 (P=0.001), respectively]. Univa­riate analysis revealed that ΔSUVmax and ΔMTV were significantly associated with oTR (P=0.010 and P=0.001, respectively). ΔMTV was used as a predictor and a cut‑off value of 54% discriminated responders from non‑responders with a sensitivity of 69.8% and a specificity of 100% (P=0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.837 (95% confidence interval, 0.702‑0.928). The results of the present study indicated that interim 18F‑FDG PET scans may provide early prognostic value for determining oTR in patients with ESCC undergoing treatment with CRT.

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February 2018
Volume 15 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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APA
Zhang, P., Li, Z., Wang, D., Ma, F., Zhang, R., Liang, W. ... Sun, X. (2018). 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission computed tomography for monitoring tumor response in esophageal carcinoma treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Oncology Letters, 15, 1845-1852. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7528
MLA
Zhang, P., Li, Z., Wang, D., Ma, F., Zhang, R., Liang, W., Sun, M., Fu, Z., Sun, X."18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission computed tomography for monitoring tumor response in esophageal carcinoma treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy". Oncology Letters 15.2 (2018): 1845-1852.
Chicago
Zhang, P., Li, Z., Wang, D., Ma, F., Zhang, R., Liang, W., Sun, M., Fu, Z., Sun, X."18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission computed tomography for monitoring tumor response in esophageal carcinoma treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy". Oncology Letters 15, no. 2 (2018): 1845-1852. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7528