Immunohistochemical CD73 expression status in gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms: A retrospective study of 136 patients

  • Authors:
    • Kohei Ono
    • Eisuke Shiozawa
    • Nobuyuki Ohike
    • Tomonori Fujii
    • Hideki Shibata
    • Tetsuya Kitajima
    • Koichiro Fujimasa
    • Naoko Okamoto
    • Yukiko Kawaguchi
    • Tasuku Nagumo
    • Sakiko Tazawa
    • Mayumi Homma
    • Toshiko Yamochi‑Onizuka
    • Tomoko Norose
    • Hitoshi Yoshida
    • Masahiko Murakami
    • Gensyu Tate
    • Masafumi Takimoto
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 8, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7569
  • Pages:2123-2130
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Abstract

The WHO 2010 classification divides gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms (GI‑NENs) into neuroendocrine tumor (NET) G1, NET G2, neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) and mixed adenoendocrine carcinoma (MANEC) groups. A total of 136 cases of GI‑NENs diagnosed at our hospitals as gastrointestinal carcinoids, endocrine cell carcinomas and NENs over the last 11 years, using the WHO 2010 classification were assessed. Among the 136 cases, 88.2% (120/136) were classified into the NET group (NET G1/G2) and 11.8% (16/136) were classified into the NEC group (NEC/MANEC). The incidences of lymphatic and venous invasions were higher in the NEC group compared with in the NET group (P<0.0001 and P=0.0021, respectively). The immunohistochemical staining of cluster of differentiation 73 (CD73) was evaluated in GI‑NENs. CD73 is a potentially useful molecule in tumor immunity. In general, CD73 on the tumor cell membrane converts adenosine monophosphate to adenosine, which restrains the production of interferon‑γ and cytocidal activity. Although the association between stem cells of pancreatic NENs and CD73 has been reported, few studies have reported on CD73 expression in GI‑NENs. Immunohistochemical CD73 expression on the cytomembrane of neuroendocrine cells was detected in 27.2% (37/136) of the GI‑NENs. The positive ratio of CD73 was significantly higher in the NEC group compared with in the NET group (P=0.0015). CD73 is also considered as a potential biomarker of anti‑programmed death‑1 (PD‑1) therapy. The expression of programmed death‑ligand 1 (PD‑L1) on the cytomembrane of GI‑NENs was assessed. The positive ratio of PD‑L1 was higher in the NEC group compared with in the NET group (P=0.0011). Furthermore, CD73 expression status was significantly correlated with PD‑L1 expression (P<0.0001). These results indicate that CD73 may be an interesting candidate for a biomarker for certain prognostic factors and therapeutics concerning PD‑1 therapy.

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February 2018
Volume 15 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

2016 Impact Factor: 1.39
Ranked #68/217 Oncology
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APA
Ono, K., Shiozawa, E., Ohike, N., Fujii, T., Shibata, H., Kitajima, T. ... Takimoto, M. (2018). Immunohistochemical CD73 expression status in gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms: A retrospective study of 136 patients. Oncology Letters, 15, 2123-2130. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7569
MLA
Ono, K., Shiozawa, E., Ohike, N., Fujii, T., Shibata, H., Kitajima, T., Fujimasa, K., Okamoto, N., Kawaguchi, Y., Nagumo, T., Tazawa, S., Homma, M., Yamochi‑Onizuka, T., Norose, T., Yoshida, H., Murakami, M., Tate, G., Takimoto, M."Immunohistochemical CD73 expression status in gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms: A retrospective study of 136 patients". Oncology Letters 15.2 (2018): 2123-2130.
Chicago
Ono, K., Shiozawa, E., Ohike, N., Fujii, T., Shibata, H., Kitajima, T., Fujimasa, K., Okamoto, N., Kawaguchi, Y., Nagumo, T., Tazawa, S., Homma, M., Yamochi‑Onizuka, T., Norose, T., Yoshida, H., Murakami, M., Tate, G., Takimoto, M."Immunohistochemical CD73 expression status in gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms: A retrospective study of 136 patients". Oncology Letters 15, no. 2 (2018): 2123-2130. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7569