Quantitative DNA methylation analysis of paired box gene 1 and LIM homeobox transcription factor 1 α genes in cervical cancer

  • Authors:
    • Ling Xu
    • Jun Xu
    • Zheng Hu
    • Baohua Yang
    • Lifeng Wang
    • Xiao Lin
    • Ziyin Xia
    • Zhiling Zhang
    • Yunheng Zhu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 26, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7872
  • Pages: 4477-4484
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Abstract

DNA methylation is associated with tumorigenesis and may act as a potential biomarker for detecting cervical cancer. The aim of the present study was to explore the methylation status of the paired box gene 1 (PAX1) and the LIM homeobox transcription factor 1 α (LMX1A) gene in a spectrum of cervical lesions in an Eastern Chinese population. This single‑center study involved 121 patients who were divided into normal cervix (NC; n=28), low‑grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL; n=32), high‑grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL; n=34) and cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC; n=27) groups, according to biopsy results. Following extraction and modification of the DNA, quantitative assessment of the PAX1 and LMX1A genes in exfoliated cells was performed using pyrosequencing analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to calculate the sensitivity and specificity of each parameter and cut‑off values of the percentage of methylation reference (PMR) for differentiation diagnosis. Analysis of variance was used to identify differences among groups. The PMR of the two genes was significantly higher in the HSIL and CSCC groups compared with that in the NC and LSIL groups (P<0.001). ROC curve analysis demonstrated that the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for detection of CSCC were 0.790, 0.837 and 0.809, respectively, using PAX1; and 0.633, 0.357 and 0.893, respectively, using LMX1A. These results indicated that quantitative PAX1 methylation demonstrates potential for cervical cancer screening, while further investigation is required to determine the potential of LMX1A methylation.

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April 2018
Volume 15 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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APA
Xu, L., Xu, J., Hu, Z., Yang, B., Wang, L., Lin, X. ... Zhu, Y. (2018). Quantitative DNA methylation analysis of paired box gene 1 and LIM homeobox transcription factor 1 α genes in cervical cancer. Oncology Letters, 15, 4477-4484. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7872
MLA
Xu, L., Xu, J., Hu, Z., Yang, B., Wang, L., Lin, X., Xia, Z., Zhang, Z., Zhu, Y."Quantitative DNA methylation analysis of paired box gene 1 and LIM homeobox transcription factor 1 α genes in cervical cancer". Oncology Letters 15.4 (2018): 4477-4484.
Chicago
Xu, L., Xu, J., Hu, Z., Yang, B., Wang, L., Lin, X., Xia, Z., Zhang, Z., Zhu, Y."Quantitative DNA methylation analysis of paired box gene 1 and LIM homeobox transcription factor 1 α genes in cervical cancer". Oncology Letters 15, no. 4 (2018): 4477-4484. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7872