Open Access

Pedigree analysis, diagnosis and treatment in Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome: A report of three cases

  • Authors:
    • Yuanliang Wang
    • Guobiao Liang
    • Jing Tian
    • Xin Wang
    • Anjian Chen
    • Tiancai Liang
    • Yang Du
    • Hao Li
    • Jiang Du
    • Lang Yu
    • Zongping Chen
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 5, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7957
  • Pages:4882-4890
  • Copyright: © Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

The objective of the present study was to systematically investigate the clinical features, diagnosis and therapeutic treatment of Von Hippel‑Lindau (VHL) syndrome in order to improve understanding of this disease. A total of 3 cases of VHL syndrome treated at the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College (Zunyi, China) between September 2014 and October 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The associated literature was reviewed, and the diagnostic and therapeutic features were discussed. Case 1 was diagnosed as VHL syndrome accompanied by a renal tumor on the right side, and radical tumor resection in the right kidney was performed. Postoperative pathological examination indicated clear cell carcinoma. Case 2 was diagnosed as VHL syndrome accompanied by bilateral adrenal pheochromocytoma. The left‑side adrenal tumor was removed, and postoperative pathological analysis was suggestive of adrenal pheochromocytoma. Case 3 visited the hospital due to the presence of masses on the left and right sides of the kidney, but did not undergo surgery for personal reasons. Follow‑ups were scheduled subsequent to surgery at another hospital. The diagnosis in all 3 cases was confirmed by genetic testing, where VHL mutations were detected in all patients. Following surgery, pedigree and genetic analysis was performed in all 3 pedigrees and VHL mutations were identified in 7 family members. The diagnosis of VHL syndrome should be based on the clinical manifestation of the patients and the results of genetic tests. DNA analysis of mutations is the main method for diagnosis. An appropriate surgical plan should be formulated based on the site, size and number of tumors, and the condition of the patient. Since VHL syndrome is an inheritable genetic disorder and relapse following surgery is common, pedigree analysis of the patient and lifelong follow‑ups are essential. Additionally, physicians should pay attention to VHL syndrome in order to avoid missing diagnosis or misdiagnosis.

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April 2018
Volume 15 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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APA
Wang, Y., Liang, G., Tian, J., Wang, X., Chen, A., Liang, T. ... Chen, Z. (2018). Pedigree analysis, diagnosis and treatment in Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome: A report of three cases. Oncology Letters, 15, 4882-4890. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7957
MLA
Wang, Y., Liang, G., Tian, J., Wang, X., Chen, A., Liang, T., Du, Y., Li, H., Du, J., Yu, L., Chen, Z."Pedigree analysis, diagnosis and treatment in Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome: A report of three cases". Oncology Letters 15.4 (2018): 4882-4890.
Chicago
Wang, Y., Liang, G., Tian, J., Wang, X., Chen, A., Liang, T., Du, Y., Li, H., Du, J., Yu, L., Chen, Z."Pedigree analysis, diagnosis and treatment in Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome: A report of three cases". Oncology Letters 15, no. 4 (2018): 4882-4890. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7957