A novel PALB2 truncating mutation in an Italian family with male breast cancer

  • Authors:
    • Maria Teresa Vietri
    • Gemma Caliendo
    • Amelia Casamassimi
    • Michele Cioffi
    • Maria Laura De Paola
    • Claudio Napoli
    • Anna Maria Molinari
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 22, 2014     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2014.3685
  • Pages: 1243-1247
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Abstract

Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare disease, accounting for ~1% of all breast cancer cases worldwide. Although other genes are also involved, predisposing genetic factors to MBC include germline mutations in the BRCA genes (BRCA2). Among the other genes, partner and localizer of BRCA2 (PALB2) is considered a moderate-penetrance breast cancer susceptibility gene that may also play a role in MBC predisposition. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the PALB2 gene status in 8 MBC cases selected from a cohort of 181 hereditary breast and/or ovarian cancer probands. We performed PALB2 mutational analysis by direct sequencing of 13 exons and adjacent intronic regions. This study showed the presence of a PALB2 truncating mutation in 1/8 (12.5%) cases. This novel mutation was named c.1285_1286delAinsTC (p.I429SfsX12) and is localized in exon 4 of PALB2, in the region encoding for the ChAM motif which is important for the efficient association of PALB2 to chromatin and for recruitment of the BRCA complex to accumulate RAD51 at double-strand break sites. Our findings indicate that PALB2 could be added to the list of breast cancer susceptibility genes also in families with MBC cases.
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March 2015
Volume 33 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

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APA
Vietri, M.T., Caliendo, G., Casamassimi, A., Cioffi, M., De Paola, M.L., Napoli, C., & Molinari, A.M. (2015). A novel PALB2 truncating mutation in an Italian family with male breast cancer. Oncology Reports, 33, 1243-1247. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2014.3685
MLA
Vietri, M. T., Caliendo, G., Casamassimi, A., Cioffi, M., De Paola, M. L., Napoli, C., Molinari, A. M."A novel PALB2 truncating mutation in an Italian family with male breast cancer". Oncology Reports 33.3 (2015): 1243-1247.
Chicago
Vietri, M. T., Caliendo, G., Casamassimi, A., Cioffi, M., De Paola, M. L., Napoli, C., Molinari, A. M."A novel PALB2 truncating mutation in an Italian family with male breast cancer". Oncology Reports 33, no. 3 (2015): 1243-1247. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2014.3685