Paternal age is affected by genetic abnormalities, perinatal complications and mental health of the offspring (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Dominika Janeczko
    • Magdalena Hołowczuk
    • Anna Orzeł
    • Barbara Klatka
    • Andrzej Semczuk
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 20, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2019.1266
  • Pages: 83-88
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Abstract

Infertility and fecundity problems concern 10‑18% of partners in their reproductive years compromising around one million females and males in Poland. Research and analysis of factors that affect male fertility are limited, especially, regarding the age of the father and determining the age at which quality of semen decreases. Age of the father has greater impact than maternal age, on cases of sporadic autosomal dominant congenital diseases such as Apert, Crouzon, Pfeiffer, Noonan and Costello syndromes, multiple endocrine neoplasia (types 2A and 2B) and achondroplasia. However, there are only a few reports taking paternal advanced age into consideration for pre‑mature birth, low Apgar scores or admission to a neonatal intensive care department. Paternal age increases the frequency of congenital diseases such as heart malformations as well as oral, palate and lip cleft. Moreover, mental disorders (autism, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, low IQ level as well as ADHD) also occur more frequently in advanced father's age. Advanced paternal age is defined differently in every research. It depends on disorders in offspring we are talking about. Paternal age has an impact on child's health and development and it is as significant as maternal age, when it comes to reproductive matters.
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March 2020
Volume 12 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 2049-9434
Online ISSN:2049-9442

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APA
Janeczko, D., Hołowczuk, M., Orzeł, A., Klatka, B., & Semczuk, A. (2020). Paternal age is affected by genetic abnormalities, perinatal complications and mental health of the offspring (Review). Biomedical Reports, 12, 83-88. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2019.1266
MLA
Janeczko, D., Hołowczuk, M., Orzeł, A., Klatka, B., Semczuk, A."Paternal age is affected by genetic abnormalities, perinatal complications and mental health of the offspring (Review)". Biomedical Reports 12.3 (2020): 83-88.
Chicago
Janeczko, D., Hołowczuk, M., Orzeł, A., Klatka, B., Semczuk, A."Paternal age is affected by genetic abnormalities, perinatal complications and mental health of the offspring (Review)". Biomedical Reports 12, no. 3 (2020): 83-88. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2019.1266