A meta‑analysis on anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Is modified transtibial technique inferior to independent drilling techniques?
- Qunhu Zhang
- Yu Kou
- Zhen Yuan
Affiliations: Department of Orthopedics, Shuyang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Suqian Jiangsu 223600, P.R. China, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou Jiangsu 215123, P.R. China, Center of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, The Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215001, P.R. China
- Published online on: July 3, 2018 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2018.6395
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et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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This report respectively compared the standard transtibial (sTT) technique to the independent drilling (ID) techniques applied to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. It also made a comparison between the clinical results of the modified transtibial (mTT) technique and of the ID techniques. Prospective studies on transtibial (TT) and ID techniques for ACL reconstruction were retrieved from several databases and a subgroup analysis was performed to compare the sTT technique with the ID techniques and the mTT with the ID techniques. Furthermore, comparison of the Lachman test, pivot‑shift test, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective and objective evaluations, Lysholm score and Tegner activity scale were conducted. This report included 12 clinical studies that involved 681 patients having received ACL reconstruction. The study results indicated that in comparison between the sTT and ID techniques, the ID techniques outperformed the sTT technique in the IKDC subjective score (P=0.01) and laxity (P=0.0004). However, there was no significant difference in the IKDC objective score (P=0.34), pivot‑shift test (P=0.24), Lachman test (P=0.21), Lysholm score (P=0.14) and Tegner activity scale (P=0.66). The comparison between the new mTT technique and the ID techniques suggested no significant difference in the IKDC objective and subjective scores (P=0.86), laxity (P=0.38), pivot‑shift test (P=0.66), Lachman test (P=0.10), Lysholm score (P=0.10) and Tegner activity scale (P=0.55). Compared to the sTT technique, the mTT and ID techniques are more suitable for ACL reconstruction because they can present better subjective feelings. Moreover, considering that the TT technique is familiar to surgeons and the mTT technique can bring favorable subjective feelings and objective clinical outcomes, the mTT technique shows greater utilization potential.