Sulfated modification, characterization and monosaccharide composition analysis of Undaria pinnatifida polysaccharides and anti‑tumor activity

  • Authors:
    • Fu‑Ling Wang
    • Yu‑Bin Ji
    • Bo Yang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 6, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8720
  • Pages: 630-636
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Abstract

Undaria pinnatifida (U. pinnatifida) polysaccharides (UPPS) are considered to be the major bioactive components of U. pinnatifida. The aim of the present study was to investigate the separation, sulfated modification, characterization and monosaccharide composition of UPPS. The optimal processing conditions were as follows: Distilled water‑to‑solid ratio, 50 ml/g; extraction time, 300 min; and extraction temperature, 90˚C. The major polysaccharide fraction of U. pinnatifida (UPPS‑B1) was purified via DEAE‑52 and Sephadex G‑200 column chromatography. The chlorosulfonic acid‑pyridine method was applied for sulfation modification. UPPS‑B1 and sulfated (S)‑UPPS‑B1 were characterized via chemical analysis, ultraviolet‑visible and Fourier‑transformed infrared spectroscopy, gas chromatography and high‑performance liquid chromatography. The total sugar content of UPPS‑B1 and S‑UPPS‑B1 was 79.78 and 77.28%, respectively. The sulfate radical content of UPPS‑B1 and S‑UPPS‑B1 was 8.53 and 29.12%, whilst the content of uronic acid was 9.29 and 7.98%, respectively. The average molecular weight of UPPS‑B1 and S‑UPPS‑B1 was determined to be 37 and 110 kD, respectively. UPPS‑B1 was considered to be a heteropolysaccharide composed of xylose, mannose, glucose and galactose at a ratio of 7.9:8.7:12.0:9.8. In addition, S‑UPPS‑B1 was a heteropolysaccharide composed of xylose, mannose, glucose and galactose at a ratio of 1.0:9.7:6.4:1.6. The results of the tumor growth inhibition experiment demonstrated that UPPS‑B1 exhibited anti‑tumor activity in vivo, which was improved following sulfation to yield S‑UPPS‑B1.

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July 2020
Volume 20 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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APA
Wang, F., Ji, Y., & Yang, B. (2020). Sulfated modification, characterization and monosaccharide composition analysis of Undaria pinnatifida polysaccharides and anti‑tumor activity. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 630-636. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8720
MLA
Wang, F., Ji, Y., Yang, B."Sulfated modification, characterization and monosaccharide composition analysis of Undaria pinnatifida polysaccharides and anti‑tumor activity". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.1 (2020): 630-636.
Chicago
Wang, F., Ji, Y., Yang, B."Sulfated modification, characterization and monosaccharide composition analysis of Undaria pinnatifida polysaccharides and anti‑tumor activity". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 1 (2020): 630-636. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8720