Identification of hub genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma using a weighted gene co‑expression network analysis

  • Authors:
    • Zi Ye
    • Zhirui Zeng
    • Yiyi Shen
    • Zubing Chen
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 12, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8736
  • Pages: 890-900
  • Copyright: © Ye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor of the digestive tract that is prevalent worldwide. Improving diagnosis methods for HCC helps to improve patient survival rate. The present study aimed to identify novel HCC biomarkers for the diagnosis of HCC through analyzing gene changes on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and verifying these in additional samples. The gene expression profiles GSE49515 (including 10 specimens from normal patients and 10 specimens from patients with HCC) and GSE58208 (including 5 specimens from normal patients and 10 specimens from patients with HCC) were downloaded from the online Gene Expression Omnibus database (GEO). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in PBMCs between healthy controls and patients with HCC were identified using R software. A total of 935 DEGs, including 686 upregulated DEGs and 249 downregulated DEGs, were identified in the present study. In order to identify any internal associations, these DEGs were used to construct weighted gene co‑expression networks (WGCNA). Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis of genes in each module were conducted using the online database DAVID. Furthermore, hub genes with high module membership were identified in a co‑expression network and receiver operating characteristic curves were used to verify the diagnostic values of these eight hub genes. Furthermore, the expression and diagnosis value of the eight hub genes were also verified in additional samples. The results of the present study suggested that secreted protein acidic and cysteine rich(SPARC), transmembrane protein 40 (TMEM40), solute carrier family 25 member 44, formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2), complement C8 β chain, N‑myristoyltransferase 1, protein kinase C δ(PRKCD) and protein phosphatase, Mg2+/Mn2+ dependent 1M(PPM1M) were hub genes. SPARC, TMEM40, FPR2, PRKCD and PPM1M had prominent diagnostic value according to the results from the GEO data and the additional samples. The present study demonstrated that these hub genes may help to improve the diagnosis of HCC.

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August-2020
Volume 20 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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APA
Ye, Z., Zeng, Z., Shen, Y., & Chen, Z. (2020). Identification of hub genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma using a weighted gene co‑expression network analysis. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 890-900. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8736
MLA
Ye, Z., Zeng, Z., Shen, Y., Chen, Z."Identification of hub genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma using a weighted gene co‑expression network analysis". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.2 (2020): 890-900.
Chicago
Ye, Z., Zeng, Z., Shen, Y., Chen, Z."Identification of hub genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma using a weighted gene co‑expression network analysis". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 2 (2020): 890-900. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8736