Open Access

TLR‑4, TLR‑5 and IRF4 are diagnostic markers of knee osteoarthritis in the middle-aged and elderly patients and related to disease activity and inflammatory factors

  • Authors:
    • Wenchao Han
    • Xiumin Chen
    • Xianyin Wang
    • Zhen Shen
    • Xiaobing Wang
    • Zuofeng Zhang
    • Huiru Wang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 30, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8825
  • Pages: 1291-1298
  • Copyright: © Han et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Expression and diagnostic value of serum toll‑like receptor‑4 (TLR‑4), Toll‑like receptor‑5 (TLR‑5) and interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) in middle‑aged and elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and their correlation with Interleukin 1β (IL‑1β), interleukin‑6 (IL‑6), matrix metalloproteinase‑1 and tumor necrosis factor‑α (TNF‑α) were investigated. Sixty‑eight middle‑aged and elderly patients with KOA in Puyang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were selected as the study group and 49 healthy people receiving physical examination were the control group. Levels of serum TLR‑4, TLR‑5, IRF4, IL‑1β, IL‑6, MMP‑1 and TNF‑α were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Correlation between the expression levels of serum TLR‑4, TLR‑5, IRF4 and K‑L grades was determined by Spearman correlation analysis. The diagnostic efficacy of serum TLR‑4, TLR‑5 and IRF4 for KOA was analyzed by the receiver operator characteristics analysis (ROC). Expression of serum TLR‑4, TLR‑5 and IRF4 in the study group was significantly higher than those in the control group. The sensitivity and specificity of TLR‑4 in the diagnosis of KOA were, respectively, 76.47 and 93.88%, those of TLR‑5 were 73.29 and 87.76%, those of IRF4 were 72.06 and 95.92%, and those of TLR‑4, TLR‑5 and IRF4 were 94.12 and 97.96%. Expression of serum TLR‑4, TLR‑5 and IRF4 was significantly higher in the severe group than in the moderate group, and significantly higher in the moderate group than those the in mild group, and significantly higher in the mild group than those in the suspected mild group. Expression of TLR‑4, TLR‑5 and IRF4 in serum was positively correlated with the concentration of IL‑1β, IL‑6, MMP‑1 and TNF‑α, respectively (P<0.001). The combined detection of TLR‑4, TLR‑5 and IRF4 can be used for early diagnosis of KOA, and they are positively correlated with IL‑1β and IL‑6, MMP‑1 and TNF‑α.

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August-2020
Volume 20 Issue 2

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APA
Han, W., Chen, X., Wang, X., Shen, Z., Wang, X., Zhang, Z., & Wang, H. (2020). TLR‑4, TLR‑5 and IRF4 are diagnostic markers of knee osteoarthritis in the middle-aged and elderly patients and related to disease activity and inflammatory factors . Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 1291-1298. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8825
MLA
Han, W., Chen, X., Wang, X., Shen, Z., Wang, X., Zhang, Z., Wang, H."TLR‑4, TLR‑5 and IRF4 are diagnostic markers of knee osteoarthritis in the middle-aged and elderly patients and related to disease activity and inflammatory factors ". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.2 (2020): 1291-1298.
Chicago
Han, W., Chen, X., Wang, X., Shen, Z., Wang, X., Zhang, Z., Wang, H."TLR‑4, TLR‑5 and IRF4 are diagnostic markers of knee osteoarthritis in the middle-aged and elderly patients and related to disease activity and inflammatory factors ". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 2 (2020): 1291-1298. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8825