Gene expression profile analysis on different stages of hypertrophic scarring in a rabbit ear model
- Ji Zhu
- Mengyan Sun
- Yuchong Wang
- Hongda Bi
- Chunyu Xue
Affiliations: Department of Plastic Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, P.R. China
- Published online on: June 11, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8879
Copyright: © Zhu
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Hypertrophic scarring (HS) is one of the most common skin disorders. The study aimed to investigate the gene expression profile at day 10 (Stage 1), 21 (Stage 2), and day 40 (Stage 3) post‑wounding of HS using RNA‑sequencing of a scar model from rabbit ears. A total of 17,386 unigenes were annotated using the eggNOG Functional Category database. The study identified significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs) including 261, 141, and 247 upregulated ones as well as 253, 272, and 58 downregulated ones in three stages respectively. The DEGs varies among each stage measured by Gene Ontology (GO) terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. DEGs were enriched in ‘immune system process’ and ‘proteinaceous extracellular matrix’ in Stage 1, ‘anatomical structure development’, ‘cell differentiation’, ‘cell adhesion’and some other terms in Stage 2, ‘cancers’, ‘proteinaceous extracellular matrix’ and ‘signal transduction’ in Stage 3. Furthermore, the Wnt signaling pathway was found to play a pivotal role in regression of HS. In conclusion, we revealed comprehensively the gene expression profiles during HS formation providing probable targets in HS treatment.