Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 and calcium: Interactions and association with disease (Review)
- Fangyan Hu
- Xiaohua Song
- Dingxin Long
Affiliations: Hunan Province Key Laboratory of Typical Environmental Pollution and Health Hazards, School of Public Health, Hengyang Medical School, University of South China, Hengyang, Hunan 421001, P.R. China
- Published online on: October 20, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.10897
Copyright: © Hu
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Calcium (Ca2+) is an essential signaling molecule in all cells. It is involved in numerous fundamental functions, including cell life and death. Abnormal regulation of Ca2+ homeostasis may cause human diseases. Usually known as a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family, TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is the only member of the ankyrin subfamily identified in mammals so far and widely expressed in cells and tissues. As it is involved in numerous sensory disorders such as pain and pruritus, TRPA1 is a potential target for the treatment of neuropathy. The functions of TRP family members are closely related to Ca2+. TRPA1 has a high permeability to Ca2+, sodium and potassium ions as a non‑selective cation channel and the Ca2+ influx mediated by TRPA1 is involved in a variety of biological processes. In the present review, research on the relationship between the TRPA1 channel and Ca2+ ions and their interaction in disease‑associated processes was summarised. The therapeutic potential of the TRPA1 channel is highlighted, which is expected to become a novel direction for the prevention and treatment of health conditions such as cancer and neurodegenerative diseases.