High expression of PIG11 correlates with poor prognosis in gastric cancer
- Juan Gu
- Shu Zhang
- Xin He
- Sufang Chen
- Yan Wang
Affiliations: Department of Public Health, Jiangsu Vocational College of Medicine, Yancheng, Jiangsu 224005, P.R. China, Department of Pathology, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu 226001, P.R. China, Department of Medical Imaging and Laboratory, Xiangnan University, Chenzhou, Hunan 423000, P.R. China
- Published online on: January 22, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.9680
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P53‑induced gene 11 (PIG11) is an early transcription‑related target of p53 that is involved in cell apoptosis and tumor development. However, its biological function in gastric cancer (GC) tissues and relationship with the prognosis of patients with GC have remained elusive. In the present retrospective study, 60 fresh and 790 paraffin‑embedded samples of GC were obtained from the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University (Nantong, China) with complete clinical data from all patients. Reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR and tissue microarray‑immunohistochemical analysis were used to determine the expression of PIG11 in the respective GC tissues. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to determine the diagnostic utility of PIG11 expression in GC. Furthermore, three online databases, including Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA), Oncomine and Kaplan‑Meier plotter, were used for bioinformatics analysis of PIG11. PIG11 expression in GC tissues was high, which was positively correlated with invasive depth (P<0.001), lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), distant metastasis (P=0.019), TNM staging (P<0.001) and carcinoembryonic antigen in serum (P<0.001), and negatively associated with the overall survival of patients with GC. The ROC curve analysis suggested that based on PIG11 expression, it was possible to distinguish GC tissues from adjacent normal tissues (P<0.0001) with a sensitivity and specificity of 81.67 and 76.67%, respectively. In addition, Cox logistic regression analysis demonstrated that high PIG11 expression is a novel biomarker for unfavorable prognosis of patients with GC. Furthermore, the results obtained from the GEPIA database indicated that PIG11 expression is correlated with TNF, carcinoembryonic antigen related cell adhesion molecule 5, phosphatidylinositol‑4, 5‑bisphosphate 3‑kinase catalytic subunit alpha, VEGFA and kinase insert domain receptor. Therefore, PIG11 expression may be associated with the malignancy of GC and may serve as a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for GC.