Quality of life and tracheostomy influence in successfully treated hypopharyngeal cancer: A case report
- Alina-Georgiana Vulcu Cordunianu
- Gabriel Ganea
- Mihai Alexandru Cordunianu
- Daniel Cochior
Affiliations: Medicine Doctoral School, Titu Maiorescu University, 040317 Bucharest, Romania, ENT Department, Carol Davila Central University Emergency Military Hospital, 10825 Bucharest, Romania
- Published online on: January 5, 2022 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2022.11118
Copyright: © Vulcu Cordunianu
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Commons Attribution License.
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Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the hypopharynx is associated with the worst prognosis of all squamous cell cancer types of the head and neck, with a rich submucosal lymphatic network and a significant inferior extent. Generally, cancers of the head and neck have a big impact on the quality of life (QoL) in patients, both before and after treatment, due to the fact that most cases are diagnosed in advanced stages, with lymph node metastases and have an aggressive pattern associated with low survival rates. The present case report aimed to see the evolution of a patient successfully treated for hypopharyngeal cancer with conservation therapies from the QoL perspective and the influence made by the presence of tracheostomy. Variables, including clinical parameters (sex, age, TNM classification, performance status, histological type and tumor subsite), local control, QoL, Adult Comorbidity Evaluation‑27 score and overall survival were assessed, according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer 8th edition, for a 58‑year‑old patient treated with conservation therapies and tracheostomy in a tertiary center. Subjective features measured through the QoL questionnaire had scores with lowering tendencies during the treatment period. The patient was provided with early training for tracheostomy care and early discharge education. The following objective features of treatment response were exhibited: Hemoglobin levels, leukocyte count, tumor size, imagistic evaluations and local control to confirm treatment response. It is essential when planning the treatment of aggressive and rare pathologies, such as hypopharyngeal cancer, to consider the QoL and patient choice for better adherence. Overall, the results demonstrated that the initial requirement for emergency tracheostomy was not associated with any ulterior complications and did not influence the end result of the treatment.