Expression and clinical significance of circular RNAs hsa_circ_0000175 and hsa_circ_0008410 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis

  • Authors:
    • Qing Luo
    • Lulu Zeng
    • Lingbing Zeng
    • Jiayue Rao
    • Lu Zhang
    • Yang Guo
    • Zikun Huang
    • Junming Li
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 13, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2020.4498
  • Pages: 1203-1212
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Abstract

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a novel class of RNAs that may be used as biomarkers in clinical blood samples. However, the role of circRNAs in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been extensively investigated. In the present study, six circRNAs, including hsa_circ_0082689, hsa_circ_0087798, hsa_circ_0000175, hsa_circ_0008410, hsa_circ_0049356 and hsa_circ_0032959 levels were determined in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from 24 patients with RA and 24 healthy controls (HC) by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR) analysis. Hsa_circ_0000175 and hsa_circ_0008410 were selected for further evaluation in an independent cohort consisting of 63 patients with RA, 50 with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 24 with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and 21 HC. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between these two circRNAs and the clinical characteristics of RA, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed to evaluate their value in RA diagnosis. Multivariate analysis (logistic regression) was used to analyze the risk factors. Of the six selected circRNAs, the expression of hsa_circ_0000175 was found to be significantly reduced and the expression of hsa_circ_0008410 was significantly elevated in PBMCs from patients with RA compared with their levels in HC. The expression of hsa_circ_0000175 in patients with RA was correlated with anti‑citrullinated protein antibodies, white blood cell count, lymphocyte count, lymphocyte percentage, neutrophil count, neutrophil percentage and neutrophil‑to‑lymphocyte ratio. Furthermore, the expression of hsa_circ_0008410 was correlated with tender joint count, disease duration, platelet count and plateletcrit, indicating the activity and severity of RA. ROC curve analysis suggested that hsa_circ_0000175, hsa_circ_0008410, and the combination of hsa_circ_0000175 and hsa_circ_0008410 have significant value in the diagnosis of RA. Hsa_circ_0000175 and hsa_circ_0008410 also differed significantly between patients with RA, and those with SLE and AS. Moreover, logistic regression analysis revealed that the expression of PBMC hsa_circ_0000175 and hsa_circ_0008410 were risk factors for RA. Therefore, PBMC hsa_circ_0000175, hsa_circ_0008410, and the combination of PBMC hsa_circ_0000175 and hsa_circ_0008410 may improve the diagnostic accuracy for RA. In addition, the expression levels of PBMC hsa_circ_0000175 and hsa_circ_0008410 were associated with disease activity and severity of RA.

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April 2020
Volume 45 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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APA
Luo, Q., Zeng, L., Zeng, L., Rao, J., Zhang, L., Guo, Y. ... Li, J. (2020). Expression and clinical significance of circular RNAs hsa_circ_0000175 and hsa_circ_0008410 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 45, 1203-1212. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2020.4498
MLA
Luo, Q., Zeng, L., Zeng, L., Rao, J., Zhang, L., Guo, Y., Huang, Z., Li, J."Expression and clinical significance of circular RNAs hsa_circ_0000175 and hsa_circ_0008410 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 45.4 (2020): 1203-1212.
Chicago
Luo, Q., Zeng, L., Zeng, L., Rao, J., Zhang, L., Guo, Y., Huang, Z., Li, J."Expression and clinical significance of circular RNAs hsa_circ_0000175 and hsa_circ_0008410 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 45, no. 4 (2020): 1203-1212. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2020.4498