Open Access

Downregulation of microRNA‑143 promotes osteogenic differentiation of human adipose‑derived mesenchymal stem cells through the k‑Ras/MEK/ERK signaling pathway

  • Authors:
    • Yiming Zhang
    • Kaifeng Zhou
    • Liang Wu
    • Huijie Gu
    • Zhongyue Huang
    • Jun Xu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 19, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2020.4651
  • Pages: 965-976
  • Copyright: © Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known to have regulatory roles in the osteogenic differentiation of various mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), although their regulatory role on human adipose‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the biological function and underlying molecular mechanism of miRNAs in regulating the osteogenic differentiation of hADSCs using microarray assay. hADSCs differentiated into osteoblasts under culture with osteogenic medium, with an increase observed in calcium deposits and alkaline phosphatase activity. The mRNA levels of bone sialoprotein, osteopontin and osteocalcin increased, whereas Runt‑related transcription factor‑2 expression decreased during osteogenic differentiation. In addition, miR‑143 was markedly downregulated during osteogenic differentiation, while miR‑143 overexpression inhibited and miR‑143 knockdown enhanced this process. miR‑143 overexpression also blocked extracellular signal‑regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) pathway activation, while miR‑143 inhibition enhanced it. The promoting effects of miR‑143 knockdown on the osteogenic differentiation of hADSCs were partly diminished by the mitogen‑activated protein kinase (MEK) inhibitors U0126 and PD98059. Bioinformatics analysis further revealed that miR‑143 targets k‑Ras and directly binds to the 3'‑untranslated region of its mRNA. Inhibition of miR‑143 enhanced the activation of the k‑Ras/MEK/ERK pathway during osteogenic differentiation, whereas miR‑143 overexpression had the opposite effect. Collectively, these results demonstrated that miR‑143 negatively regulates the osteogenic differentiation of hADSCs through the k‑Ras/MEK/ERK pathway, providing further insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms.

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September-2020
Volume 46 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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Spandidos Publications style
Zhang Y, Zhou K, Wu L, Gu H, Huang Z and Xu J: Downregulation of microRNA‑143 promotes osteogenic differentiation of human adipose‑derived mesenchymal stem cells through the k‑Ras/MEK/ERK signaling pathway. Int J Mol Med 46: 965-976, 2020
APA
Zhang, Y., Zhou, K., Wu, L., Gu, H., Huang, Z., & Xu, J. (2020). Downregulation of microRNA‑143 promotes osteogenic differentiation of human adipose‑derived mesenchymal stem cells through the k‑Ras/MEK/ERK signaling pathway. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 46, 965-976. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2020.4651
MLA
Zhang, Y., Zhou, K., Wu, L., Gu, H., Huang, Z., Xu, J."Downregulation of microRNA‑143 promotes osteogenic differentiation of human adipose‑derived mesenchymal stem cells through the k‑Ras/MEK/ERK signaling pathway". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 46.3 (2020): 965-976.
Chicago
Zhang, Y., Zhou, K., Wu, L., Gu, H., Huang, Z., Xu, J."Downregulation of microRNA‑143 promotes osteogenic differentiation of human adipose‑derived mesenchymal stem cells through the k‑Ras/MEK/ERK signaling pathway". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 46, no. 3 (2020): 965-976. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2020.4651