Role of autophagy in breast cancer and breast cancer stem cells (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Yanyan Han
    • Shujun Fan
    • Tao Qin
    • Jinfeng Yang
    • Yan Sun
    • Ying Lu
    • Jun Mao
    • Lianhong Li
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 8, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2018.4270
  • Pages: 1057-1070
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Abstract

Autophagy is a key catabolic process, in which cytosolic cargo is engulfed by the formation of a double membrane and then degraded through the fusing of autophagosomes with lysosomes. Autophagy is a constitutively active, evolutionarily conserved, catabolic process important for the maintenance of homeostasis in cellular stress responses and cell survival. Although the mechanisms of autophagy have not yet been fully elucidated, emerging evidence suggests that it plays a dual role in breast cancer and in maintaining the activity of breast cancer stem cells (CSCs). However, it may play a complex role in breast CSC therapy. Breast CSCs, a population of cells with the ability to self-renew, differentiate, and initiate and sustain tumor growth, play an essential role in cancer recurrence, anticancer resistance and metastasis. In addition, the elucidation of the association between autophagy and apoptosis in the tumor context is crucial in order to better address appropriate therapy strategies. In the present review, a summary of the mechanisms and roles of autophagy in breast cancer and CSCs is presented. The potential value of such autophagy modulators in the development of novel breast cancer therapies is discussed.

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April 2018
Volume 52 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Han, Y., Fan, S., Qin, T., Yang, J., Sun, Y., Lu, Y. ... Li, L. (2018). Role of autophagy in breast cancer and breast cancer stem cells (Review). International Journal of Oncology, 52, 1057-1070. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2018.4270
MLA
Han, Y., Fan, S., Qin, T., Yang, J., Sun, Y., Lu, Y., Mao, J., Li, L."Role of autophagy in breast cancer and breast cancer stem cells (Review)". International Journal of Oncology 52.4 (2018): 1057-1070.
Chicago
Han, Y., Fan, S., Qin, T., Yang, J., Sun, Y., Lu, Y., Mao, J., Li, L."Role of autophagy in breast cancer and breast cancer stem cells (Review)". International Journal of Oncology 52, no. 4 (2018): 1057-1070. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2018.4270