Semaphorin 5A suppresses the proliferation and migration of lung adenocarcinoma cells
- Pin‑Hao Ko
- Govinda Lenka
- Yu‑An Chen
- Eric Y. Chuang
- Mong‑Hsun Tsai
- Yuh‑Pyng Sher
- Liang‑Chuan Lai
Affiliations: Graduate Institute of Physiology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10051, Taiwan, R.O.C., Bioinformatics and Biostatistics Core, Center of Genomic and Precision Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10055, Taiwan, R.O.C., Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan, R.O.C.
- Published online on: December 2, 2019 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2019.4932
Copyright: © Ko
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Semaphorin 5A (SEMA5A), a member of the semaphorin family, plays an important role in axonal guidance. Previously, the authors identified another possible role of SEMA5A as a prognostic biomarker for non‑smoking women with lung adenocarcinoma in Taiwan, and this phenomenon has been validated in other ethnic groups. However, the functional significance of SEMA5A in lung adenocarcinoma remains unclear. Therefore, we assessed the function of SEMA5A in three lung adenocarcinoma cell lines in this study. Kaplan‑Meier Plotter for lung cancer was conducted for survival analyses. Reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR (RT‑qPCR) and western blot analysis were performed to investigate the expression and post‑translational regulation of SEMA5A in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines. A pre‑designed PyroMark CpG assay and 5‑aza‑2'‑deoxycytidine treatment were used to measure the methylation levels of SEMA5A. The biological functions of lung adenocarcinoma cells overexpressing SEMA5A were investigated by microarrays, and validated both in vitro (proliferation, colony formation and migration assays) and in vivo (tumor xenografts) experiments. The results revealed that the hypermethylation of SEMA5A and the cleavage of the extracellular domain of SEMA5A were responsible for the downregulation of the SEMA5A levels in lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549 and H1299) as compared to the normal controls. Functional analysis of SEMA5A‑regulated genes revealed that they were involved in cellular growth and proliferation. The overexpression of SEMA5A in A549 and H1299 cells significantly decreased the proliferation (P<0.01), colony formation (P<0.001) and migratory ability (P<0.01) of the cells. The suppressive effects of SEMA5A on the proliferative and migratory ability of the cells were also observed in both in vitro and in vivo experiments using brain metastatic Bm7 lung adenocarcinoma cells. On the whole, the findings of this study suggest a suppressive role for SEMA5A in lung adenocarcinoma involving the inhibition of the proliferation and migration of lung transformed cells.