Open Access

ROS/p53/miR‑335‑5p/Sp1 axis modulates the migration and epithelial to mesenchymal transition of JEG‑3 cells

  • Authors:
    • Wei Lu
    • Yu‑Yan Ma
    • Qian‑Qian Shao
    • Jie Liang
    • Tong‑Tong Qi
    • Yi Huang
    • Qing‑Jie Wang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 20, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10901
  • Pages: 1208-1216
  • Copyright: © Lu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Differential expression of microRNA (miR)‑335‑5p, a key tumor suppressor, has been detected in pre‑eclampsia (PE) placentas. However, the role of miR‑335‑5p in the pathogenesis of PE and the factor modulating its aberrant expression remain unknown. The present study used JEG‑3 cells in vitro to investigate these mechanisms. The role of miR‑335‑5p in proliferation, apoptosis and migration of JEG‑3 cells was investigated using MTT, Annexin V‑FITC/PI, Transwell migration and wound healing assays, respectively. miR‑335‑5p expression levels were analyzed using reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR. The expression levels of E‑cadherin, N‑cadherin, Snail, specificity protein 1 (Sp1) and p53 were assessed using western blot analysis. Cell viability analysis was performed using the Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay. The intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were detected using a 2,7‑dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate assay. The present results suggested that miR‑335‑5p did not affect the proliferation or apoptotic rate of JEG‑3 cells. Overexpression of miR‑335‑5p significantly inhibited the migration of JEG‑3 cells, decreased the expression levels of Sp1, N‑cadherin and Snail, and increased E‑cadherin expression. Sp1 silencing produced similar results in JEG‑3 cells. H2O2 significantly increased the intracellular ROS levels and miR‑335‑5p expression, whereas N‑acetyl‑cysteine pretreatment prior to H2O2 treatment reversed the increases in miR‑335‑5p expression. Knockdown of p53 significantly decreased the expression levels of miR‑335‑5p in JEG‑3 cells and in H2O2‑treated cells. The present results suggested that miR‑335‑5p expression levels in trophoblast cells could be increased by ROS in a p53‑dependent manner, leading to the downregulation of Sp1 and subsequent inhibition of epithelial to mesenchymal transition and cell migration. The present results may provide novel evidence on the etiology of PE.
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March 2020
Volume 21 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Lu, W., Ma, Y., Shao, Q., Liang, J., Qi, T., Huang, Y., & Wang, Q. (2020). ROS/p53/miR‑335‑5p/Sp1 axis modulates the migration and epithelial to mesenchymal transition of JEG‑3 cells. Molecular Medicine Reports, 21, 1208-1216. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10901
MLA
Lu, W., Ma, Y., Shao, Q., Liang, J., Qi, T., Huang, Y., Wang, Q."ROS/p53/miR‑335‑5p/Sp1 axis modulates the migration and epithelial to mesenchymal transition of JEG‑3 cells". Molecular Medicine Reports 21.3 (2020): 1208-1216.
Chicago
Lu, W., Ma, Y., Shao, Q., Liang, J., Qi, T., Huang, Y., Wang, Q."ROS/p53/miR‑335‑5p/Sp1 axis modulates the migration and epithelial to mesenchymal transition of JEG‑3 cells". Molecular Medicine Reports 21, no. 3 (2020): 1208-1216. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10901