Open Access

New markers for regulation of transcription and macromolecule metabolic process in porcine oocytes during in vitro maturation

  • Authors:
    • Maciej Brązert
    • Wiesława Kranc
    • Mariusz J. Nawrocki
    • Patrycja Sujka‑Kordowska
    • Aneta Konwerska
    • Maurycy Jankowski
    • Ievgeniia Kocherova
    • Piotr Celichowski
    • Michal Jeseta
    • Katarzyna Ożegowska
    • Paweł Antosik
    • Dorota Bukowska
    • Mariusz T. Skowroński
    • Małgorzata Bruska
    • Leszek Pawelczyk
    • Maciej Zabel
    • Hanna Piotrowska‑Kempisty
    • Michał Nowicki
    • Bartosz Kempisty
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 27, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.10963
  • Pages: 1537-1551
  • Copyright: © Brązert et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Oocyte maturation is essential for proper fertilization, embryo implantation and early development. While the physiological conditions of these processes are relatively well‑known, its exact molecular mechanisms remain widely undiscovered. Oocyte growth, differentiation and maturation are therefore the subject of scientific debate. Precious literature has indicated that the oocyte itself serves a regulatory role in the mechanisms underlying these processes. Hence, the present study performed expression microarrays to analyze the complete transcriptome of porcine oocytes during their in vitro maturation (IVM). Pig material was used for experimentation, as it possesses similarities to the reproductive processes and general genetic proximities of Sus scrofa to human. Oocytes, isolated from the ovaries of slaughtered animals were assessed via the Brilliant Cresyl Blue test and directed to IVM. A number of oocytes were left to be analyzed as the ‘before IVM’ group. Oocyte mRNA was isolated and used for microarray analysis, which was subsequently validated via RT‑qPCR. The current study particularly focused on genes belonging to ‘positive regulation of transcription, DNA‑dependent’, ‘positive regulation of gene expression’, ‘positive regulation of macromolecule metabolic process’ and ‘positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter’ ontologies. FOS, VEGFA, ESR1, AR, CCND2, EGR2, ENDRA, GJA1, INHBA, IHH, INSR, APP, WWTR1, SMARCA1, NFAT5, SMAD4, MAP3K1, EGR1, RORA, ECE1, NR5A1, KIT, IKZF2, MEF2C, SH3D19, MITF and PSMB4 were all determined to be significantly altered (fold change, >|2|; P<0.05) among these groups, with their downregulation being observed after IVM. Genes with the most altered expressions were analyzed and considered to be potential markers of maturation associated with transcription regulation and macromolecule metabolism process.
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March 2020
Volume 21 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Brązert, M., Kranc, W., Nawrocki, M.J., Sujka‑Kordowska, P., Konwerska, A., Jankowski, M. ... Kempisty, B. (2020). New markers for regulation of transcription and macromolecule metabolic process in porcine oocytes during in vitro maturation. Molecular Medicine Reports, 21, 1537-1551. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.10963
MLA
Brązert, M., Kranc, W., Nawrocki, M. J., Sujka‑Kordowska, P., Konwerska, A., Jankowski, M., Kocherova, I., Celichowski, P., Jeseta, M., Ożegowska, K., Antosik, P., Bukowska, D., Skowroński, M. T., Bruska, M., Pawelczyk, L., Zabel, M., Piotrowska‑Kempisty, H., Nowicki, M., Kempisty, B."New markers for regulation of transcription and macromolecule metabolic process in porcine oocytes during in vitro maturation". Molecular Medicine Reports 21.3 (2020): 1537-1551.
Chicago
Brązert, M., Kranc, W., Nawrocki, M. J., Sujka‑Kordowska, P., Konwerska, A., Jankowski, M., Kocherova, I., Celichowski, P., Jeseta, M., Ożegowska, K., Antosik, P., Bukowska, D., Skowroński, M. T., Bruska, M., Pawelczyk, L., Zabel, M., Piotrowska‑Kempisty, H., Nowicki, M., Kempisty, B."New markers for regulation of transcription and macromolecule metabolic process in porcine oocytes during in vitro maturation". Molecular Medicine Reports 21, no. 3 (2020): 1537-1551. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.10963