Diabetic‑induced alterations in hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism: The role of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (Review)
- Saizhi Jiang
- Jamie L. Young
- Kai Wang
- Yan Qian
- Lu Cai
Affiliations: Department of Paediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, P.R. China, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, USA, Department of Paediatrics, Paediatric Research Institute, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
- Published online on: May 22, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11175
Copyright: © Jiang
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a growing health concern in society. Type 1 and type 2 DM are the two main types of diabetes; both types are chronic diseases that affect glucose metabolism in the body and the impaired regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism promotes the development and progression of DM. During the physiological metabolism process, the liver serves a unique role in glucose and lipid metabolism. The present article aimed to review the association between DM and glucose metabolism in the liver and discuss the changes of the following hepatic glucose fluxes: Gluconeogenesis, glucose/glucose 6‑phosphate cycling, glycogenolysis, glycogenesis and the pentose phosphate pathway. Moreover, the incidence of fatty liver in DM was also investigated.