Association between levels of aquaporin 3 in the placenta and adiponectin in the umbilical cord blood with gestational diabetes mellitus and pregnancy outcome
- Chunqi Zhang
- Yanxia Li
- Jia Wang
- Chunmei Liu
- Yan Chen
Affiliations: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, North China University of Science and Technology Affiliated Hospital, Tangshan, Hebei 063000, P.R. China
- Published online on: June 12, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11225
Copyright: © Zhang
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
terms of Creative
Commons Attribution License.
Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
This article is mentioned in:
Pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may have adverse pregnancy outcomes, even if their blood glucose level is well‑controlled. Aquaporin 3 (AQP3) and adiponectin (APN) serve important roles in fetal growth and development. However, the associations of AQP3 and APN with GDM and pregnancy outcome are not known. Therefore, the present study was performed to evaluate the expression of AQP3 in the placenta and APN in the umbilical artery blood, and the association of the two factors with GDM and pregnancy outcome. The patient cohort was divided into two groups: Pregnant women with GDM; and pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). The expression levels of AQP3 in the placenta and APN in the umbilical artery blood were detected. Logistic regression was used to analyze the associations of AQP3 and APN with GDM and pregnancy outcome. The expression levels of AQP3 and AQP3 mRNA in the placenta of the GDM group were decreased compared with that of the NGT group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The expression of APN in the umbilical artery blood of the GDM group was also decreased compared with that of the NGT group, and the difference was also statistically significant (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analyses indicated that the AQP3 and APN levels were negatively correlated not only with the risk of developing GDM [AQP3 odds ratio (OR)=5.00 (P<0.01); APN OR=2.98 (P=0.01)], but also with abnormal pregnancy outcome [(AQP3 OR=4.64 (P<0.01); APN OR=5.41 (P<0.01)]. The levels of AQP3 in the placenta and APN in the umbilical cord blood were associated with GDM, and the risk of GDM was increased in pregnant women with decreased AQP3 and APN levels. The AQP3 and APN levels also had an effect on pregnancy outcome. The risk of abnormal pregnancy outcomes, including cesarean section, macrosomia, fetal distress and neonatal asphyxia, was increased in pregnant women with decreased AQP3 and APN levels.