NLRP3 inflammasome in sepsis (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Xueyan Shi
    • Sichuang Tan
    • Sipin Tan
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 13, 2021
  • Article Number: 514
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Sepsis is an imbalanced response to infection that leads to life-threatening organ dysfunction. Although an increasing number of anti-inflammatory drugs are available, the options for treating sepsis remain limited. Therefore, it is imperative to understand the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of sepsis and develop novel therapeutic targets to treat this state. The Nod-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a cytoplasmic high-molecular weight protein complex composed of the sensor NLRP3, adapter protein apoptosis-related speck-like protein and pro-caspase-1. It functions by cleaving pro-caspase-1 to become active caspase-1, resulting in the maturation and release of IL-1β and IL-18. Activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome is necessary for innate immune defense and also serves an important role in adaptive immune responses. Studies have shown that the NLRP3 inflammasome is involved in the occurrence and evolution of sepsis and other immune inflammatory diseases. The present paper reviews the activation pathways and biological function of the NLRP3 inflammasome in sepsis, with the aim to provide a basis for further research.
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Volume 24 Issue 1

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Shi X, Tan S and Tan S: NLRP3 inflammasome in sepsis (Review). Mol Med Rep 24: 514, 2021
Shi, X., Tan, S., & Tan, S. (2021). NLRP3 inflammasome in sepsis (Review). Molecular Medicine Reports, 24, 514.
Shi, X., Tan, S., Tan, S."NLRP3 inflammasome in sepsis (Review)". Molecular Medicine Reports 24.1 (2021): 514.
Shi, X., Tan, S., Tan, S."NLRP3 inflammasome in sepsis (Review)". Molecular Medicine Reports 24, no. 1 (2021): 514.