miR129‑1 regulates protein phosphatase 1D protein expression under hypoxic conditions in non‑small cell lung cancer cells harboring a TP53 mutation
- Hong‑Lei Yin
- Hong‑Wei Xu
- Qing‑Yan Lin
Affiliations: Department of Respiratory Medicine, Nangang Branch, Heilongjiang Provincial Hospital, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150001, P.R. China
- Published online on: June 26, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11783
Copyright: © Yin
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Protein phosphatase 1D (PPM1D), which functions as an oncogene, is a known target of the tumor suppressor p53 and is involved in p53‑regulated genomic surveillance mechanisms. PPM1D dephosphorylates both p53 and its ubiquitin ligase mouse double minute 2 homolog, as well as the RNA‑binding protein (RBM)38, which turns RBM38 from an inducer to inhibitor of TP53 translation. In addition, RBM38 induces PPM1D translation. Hence, the PPM1D‑RBM38‑p53 axis is important in maintaining genomic integrity and is often altered during tumorigenesis. TP53, which encodes p53, is deleted or mutated in >50% of cancer types, including lung cancer. Mutant p53 has been revealed to complex with hypoxia‑inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) and upregulate transcription of pro‑metastatic genes. However, the mechanism underlying the action of the PPM1D‑RBM38‑p53 axis in the context of mutant p53 under normoxic and hypoxic conditions is yet to be elucidated. In the present study, using non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines harboring wild‑type (A549 cells) or hot‑spot mutant (NCI‑H1770 and R249WΔ‑TP53‑A549 cells) TP53, it was demonstrated that in cells harboring mutant p53, RBM38 was not the primary regulator of PPM1D translation under hypoxic conditions. Knockdown of RBM38 in TP53 mutant cells did not affect the PPM1D protein expression under hypoxic conditions. Instead, in NCI‑H1770 cells maintained under normoxic conditions, PPM1D was revealed as a target of micro RNA (miR)‑129‑1‑3p, a known tumor suppressor in lung cancer. Hypoxia resulted in the downregulation of miR‑129‑1‑3p expression, and thus, in the downregulation of PPM1D messenger RNA (mRNA) translation. In NCI‑H1770 cells grown under hypoxic conditions, the transient transfection of miR‑129‑1‑3p mimic, and not control mimic, repressed the expression of a reporter containing wild‑type, but not miR‑129‑1‑3p binding mutant, of the PPM1D 3'‑untranslated region (UTR). Analysis of NSCLC cell lines from the Broad Institute Cancer Cell Encyclopedia and patients with NSCLC from The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset revealed significant co‑occurrence of PPM1D/RBM38 and PPM1D/HIF1A mutations. However, there was no significant difference in the overall survival of patients with NSCLC with or without genomic alterations in TP53, RBM38, PPM1D and HIF1A. In summary, the current study demonstrated hypoxia‑dependent miR‑129‑1‑3p‑mediated regulation of PPM1D protein expression in NSCLC cell line harboring mutant TP53.