Quantitative volumetric assessment of the solid portion percentage on CT images to predict ROS1/ALK rearrangements in lung adenocarcinomas

  • Authors:
    • Jing Zheng
    • Jianya Zhou
    • Jinpeng Liu
    • Jingfeng Xu
    • Ke  Sun
    • Bo  Wang
    • He Cao
    • Wei Ding
    • Jianying Zhou
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 6, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11816
  • Pages: 2987-2996
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Abstract

In the present study, the predictive role of the percentage of the solid portion volume (PSV) in patients with lung adenocarcinoma was investigated. The PSV was obtained through quantitative volumetric assessments based on reconstructed CT images of lung adenocarcinoma by comparing the index among tumors with c‑ros oncogene 1 (ROS1) rearrangement, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, echinoderm anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements or wild‑type (WT) status for the three genes. Among 1,120 patients with lung adenocarcinoma, 28 patients with ROS1 rearrangement lung adenocarcinoma, 71 with ALK rearrangement and 578 with EGFR mutations were diagnosed. PSV was quantitatively measured by semi‑automated nodule assessment software and compared in patients with different mutation statuses. The PSV (presented as the median with interquartile range) in the ROS1 rearrangement group [87.9 (82.7‑92.3)%] was higher than that in the EGFR mutation group [70.4 (51.4‑83.4%)] and the WT group [63.0 (50.9‑83.2)%; P<0.001], but was similar to that in the ALK rearrangement group [84.0 (70.3‑90.0)%; P=0.251]. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for the PSV to predict ROS1 or ALK rearrangement combined was 0.702 (95% CI: 0.631‑0.773; P<0.001); at a cut‑off value of 0.805 (when the Youden index was maximal), the predictive sensitivity was 0.697 and the specificity was 0.702. Younger age and higher PSV values were independent predictors of ROS1/ALK rearrangements. The AUC for the predictive model combined with age and PSV was 0.785. In conclusion, the PSV in the lung adenocarcinomas with ROS1 rearrangement was significantly higher compared with that in the EGFR‑mutated and WT lung adenocarcinoma, but was similar to that in lung adenocarcinoma with ALK rearrangement. Younger age and higher PSV values on CT in patients with lung adenocarcinomas were predictive factors for ROS1/ALK rearrangement.

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September-2020
Volume 20 Issue 3

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Spandidos Publications style
Zheng J, Zhou J, Liu J, Xu J, Sun K, Wang B, Cao H, Ding W and Zhou J: Quantitative volumetric assessment of the solid portion percentage on CT images to predict ROS1/ALK rearrangements in lung adenocarcinomas. Oncol Lett 20: 2987-2996, 2020
APA
Zheng, J., Zhou, J., Liu, J., Xu, J., Sun, K., Wang, B. ... Zhou, J. (2020). Quantitative volumetric assessment of the solid portion percentage on CT images to predict ROS1/ALK rearrangements in lung adenocarcinomas. Oncology Letters, 20, 2987-2996. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11816
MLA
Zheng, J., Zhou, J., Liu, J., Xu, J., Sun, K., Wang, B., Cao, H., Ding, W., Zhou, J."Quantitative volumetric assessment of the solid portion percentage on CT images to predict ROS1/ALK rearrangements in lung adenocarcinomas". Oncology Letters 20.3 (2020): 2987-2996.
Chicago
Zheng, J., Zhou, J., Liu, J., Xu, J., Sun, K., Wang, B., Cao, H., Ding, W., Zhou, J."Quantitative volumetric assessment of the solid portion percentage on CT images to predict ROS1/ALK rearrangements in lung adenocarcinomas". Oncology Letters 20, no. 3 (2020): 2987-2996. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11816