LINC00294 induced by GRP78 promotes cervical cancer development by promoting cell cycle transition
- Jiangnan Qiu
- Shulin Zhou
- Wenjun Cheng
- Chengyan Luo
Affiliations: Department of Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210000, P.R. China
- Published online on: September 21, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.12125
Copyright: © Qiu
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Cervical cancer is one of the most common gynecological malignancies, and it has become a crucial public health problem. In the present study, the expression profiles of cervical cancer and normal cervical tissues were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus and The Cancer Genome Atlas databases. Subsequently, the dysregulated long non‑coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cervical cancer were identified using R software Differentially expressed lncRNAs in cervical cancer that were associated with glucose‑regulated protein 78 (GRP78) were screened out and the results demonstrated that eight lncRNAs were strongly positively correlated with GRP78. In order to confirm the relationship between GRP78 and candidate lncRNAs, GRP78 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was transfected into HeLa cells. The target lncRNAs that were regulated by GRP78 were then identified by reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR and it was revealed that LINC00294 was significantly downregulated following GRP78‑knockdown. Subsequently, Gene Set Enrichment Analysis demonstrated that LINC00294 was mainly enriched in regulating the cell cycle and the Hedgehog pathway. Following transfection of HeLa and SiHa cells with LINC00294 siRNA, the cell cycle was arrested at the G0/G1 phase. Western blotting suggested that LINC00294‑knockdown downregulated the expression of cell cycle‑associated factors (cyclin D, cyclin E and cyclin Dependent kinase 4) and upregulated cell cycle inhibitory factors (p16 and p21). The Hedgehog pathway was inhibited following knockdown of LINC00294 in HeLa and SiHa cells. In summary, LINC00294 induced by GRP78 promoted the progression of cervical cancer by regulating the cell cycle via Hedgehog pathway.