Identification of AK4 as a novel therapeutic target for serous ovarian cancer
- Minmin Huang
- Xinlei Qin
- Yuwei Wang
- Furong Mao
Affiliations: Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, The Second People's Hospital of Lianyungang, Lianyungang, Jiangsu 222023, P.R. China
- Published online on: October 8, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.12209
Copyright: © Huang
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Commons Attribution License.
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The present study aimed to assess the expression level of adenylate kinase 4 (AK4) in human serous ovarian cancer (SOC) tissues and investigate the possible involvement of AK4 in SOC progression. Bioinformatics analysis based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and immunohistochemical (IHC) assays were performed to assess the expression level of AK4 in human SOC tissues. Clinical pathological features of patients with SOC were also evaluated. Colony formation, MTT, wound healing and Transwell assays were conducted to investigate the effects of AK4 on the proliferation, migration, and invasion of SOC cells in vitro. Mouse xenograft and lung metastasis models were developed to evaluate the effects of AK4 on tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. High expression levels of AK4 were identified in human SOC tissues compared with in normal tissues according to TCGA database and the results of IHC assays. A contribution of AK4 to tumor growth and metastasis of SOC cells in vivo was also shown. The present study confirmed the involvement of AK4 in the progression of SOC, and the results indicated that AK4 could serve as a novel therapeutic target for SOC treatment.