SPARC promotes pancreatic cancer cell proliferation and migration through autocrine secretion into the extracellular milieu
- Kehua Pan
- Xince Huang
- Xiufen Jia
Affiliations: Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, P.R. China, Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, P.R. China
- Published online on: April 21, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2021.12746
Copyright: © Pan
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
terms of Creative
Commons Attribution License.
Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
This article is mentioned in:
SPARC is a secreted glycoprotein that plays a complex and multifaceted role in tumour formation and progression. However, whether SPARC is an oncogene or a tumour suppressor is still unclear. Moreover, SPARC demonstrates potential in clinical pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD) treatment, although it has been identified as an oncogene in some studies and a tumor suppressor in others. In the present study, a pan‑cancer analysis of SPARC was carried out using The Cancer genome Atlas data, which demonstrated that SPARC was an oncogene in most cancer types and a cancer suppressor in others. In addition, SPARC expression was significantly upregulated in PAAD and associated with poor prognosis. SPARC also promoted the proliferation and migration of PANC‑1 and SW1990 cell lines in vitro. SPARC was detected in the culture supernatant of PAAD cells and pancreatic acinar AR42J cells. SPARC regulated PAAD cell proliferation only when secreted into the extracellular milieu, thus explaining why the prognosis of patients with PAAD is correlated with the SPARC expression of both tumour cells and stromal cells. Collectively, the present findings demonstrated that the function of SPARC was associated with tumour type and that SPARC may represent an important oncogene in PAAD that merits further study.