Calponin 3 suppresses proliferation, migration and invasion of non‑small cell lung cancer cells
- Chenglin Yang
- Shiping Zhu
- Weifeng Feng
- Xuexin Chen
Affiliations: Traditional Chinese Medicine Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, P.R. China, Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The General Hospital of Yima Coal Industry Group Co. Ltd., Yima, Henan 472300, P.R. China
- Published online on: July 1, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2021.12895
Copyright: © Yang
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
terms of Creative
Commons Attribution License.
Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
This article is mentioned in:
Calponin 3 (CNN3) is known to serve a role in certain types of cancer, such as gastric cancer and colorectal cancer. The present study investigated the clinical significance of CNN3 in non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by evaluating its expression profile and relationship with disease prognosis using the Gene Expression Omnibus repository, Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis 2 (GEPIA2) and Kaplan‑Meier plotter analysis. CNN3 mRNA expression was measured using reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR, while the protein expression level was measured using western blot analysis. Cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis, and migration and invasion were analyzed using MTS assay, flow cytometry and Transwell assays, respectively. These results revealed that CNN3 mRNA expression was downregulated in NSCLC tissues compared with that in normal tissues. Additionally, CNN3 expression had a high diagnostic value based on the GSE2514 dataset and the data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and the Genotype Tissue Expression database, whereas it had a low diagnostic value based on the GSE10072 dataset. Furthermore, CNN3 expression was associated with survival in patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), whereas it was not associated with survival in patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) according to the Kaplan‑Meier plotter results. According to the data from GEPIA2, and the GSE72094, GSE41271 and GSE31210 datasets, CNN3 expression was not associated with the prognosis of patients with LUAD and LUSC. The mRNA and protein expression levels of CNN3 were lower in two NSCLC cell lines (A549 and SK‑MES‑1) than in a human bronchial epithelial cell line (BEAS‑2B). CNN3 overexpression suppressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion, induced G1‑phase arrest, promoted apoptosis and suppressed PI3K/AKT signaling pathway activation in the NSCLC cell lines, whereas CNN3 overexpression had no effect on cell morphology. In conclusion, CNN3 suppressed the proliferation and metastasis of NSCLC cells by downregulating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, making it a potential therapeutic target in this disease.