Open Access

Black rice-derived anthocyanins inhibit HER-2-positive breast cancer epithelial-mesenchymal transition-mediated metastasis in vitro by suppressing FAK signaling

  • Authors:
    • Jie Zhou
    • Yan-Feng Zhu
    • Xiang-Yan Chen
    • Bin Han
    • Fei Li
    • Jing-Yao Chen
    • Xiao-Li Peng
    • Li-Ping Luo
    • Wei Chen
    • Xiao-Ping Yu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 11, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3183
  • Pages:1649-1656
  • Copyright: © Zhou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the role of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) signaling in the inhibitory effects of black rice anthocyanins (BRACs) on human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2)-positive human breast cancer cell metastasis, using the MCF-10A, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-453 cells. BRACs exerted an anti-metastatic effect on the HER-2-positive breast cancer cells. The effects of BRACs on the proliferation of the MDA-MB-453 cells were examined by cell counting kit-8 assay. A wound-healing assay was used to examine the effects of BRACs on the migration of the breast cancer cells. BRACs interrupted migration and invasion. BRACs decreased the migration distance of the HER-2-positive human breast cancer cells, MDA-MB-453, by 37% compared with the cells in the untreated group. They also reduced the number of invading MDA-MB-453 cells by 68%. In addition, BRACs exerted an inhibitory effect on epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Western blot analysis revealed that BRACs decreased the phosphorylation of FAK, cSrc and p130Cas. The FAK inhibitor, Y15, was also used to further evaluate the role of FAK signaling in the anti-metastatic effects of BRACs on MDA-MB-453 cells. The results of western blot analysis revealed that BRACs increased the expression of the epithelial marker, E-cadherin, and decreased the expression of the mesenchymal markers, fibronectin and vimentin, in the MDA-MB‑453 cells. In addition, BRACs decreased the interaction between HER-2 and FAK, FAK and cSrc, cSrc and p130Cas, and between FAK and p130Cas. These results suggest that BRACs suppress the metastasis of HER-2-positive breast cancer in vitro, and that the cSrc/FAK/p130Cas pathway plays a vital role in this inhibitory effect.

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December 2017
Volume 40 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

2016 Impact Factor: 2.341
Ranked #21/128 Medicine Research and Experimental
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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Zhou, J., Zhu, Y., Chen, X., Han, B., Li, F., Chen, J. ... Yu, X. (2017). Black rice-derived anthocyanins inhibit HER-2-positive breast cancer epithelial-mesenchymal transition-mediated metastasis in vitro by suppressing FAK signaling. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 40, 1649-1656. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3183
MLA
Zhou, J., Zhu, Y., Chen, X., Han, B., Li, F., Chen, J., Peng, X., Luo, L., Chen, W., Yu, X."Black rice-derived anthocyanins inhibit HER-2-positive breast cancer epithelial-mesenchymal transition-mediated metastasis in vitro by suppressing FAK signaling". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 40.6 (2017): 1649-1656.
Chicago
Zhou, J., Zhu, Y., Chen, X., Han, B., Li, F., Chen, J., Peng, X., Luo, L., Chen, W., Yu, X."Black rice-derived anthocyanins inhibit HER-2-positive breast cancer epithelial-mesenchymal transition-mediated metastasis in vitro by suppressing FAK signaling". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 40, no. 6 (2017): 1649-1656. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3183