Open Access

Coordinated microRNA/mRNA expression profiles reveal a putative mechanism of corneal epithelial cell transdifferentiation from skin epidermal stem cells

  • Authors:
    • Yanjie Guo
    • Xiya Ma
    • Weini Wu
    • Mingyan Shi
    • Junlong Ma
    • Yaping Zhang
    • Erkang Zhao
    • Xueyi Yang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 1, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3304
  • Pages: 877-887
  • Copyright: © Guo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Skin epidermal stem cells (SESCs), which share a single origin with corneal epithelial cells (CECs), are considered to be one of the most ideal seed cells for the construction of tissue engineered corneas. However, the mechanism underlying the transdifferentiation of SESCs to CECs has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, to identify critical microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) and genes that regulate the transdifferentiation of SESCs to CECs, SESCs and CECs were collected from sheep and used for small RNA sequencing and mRNA microarray analyses. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs and genes, 36 miRNAs were downregulated and 123 genes were upregulated in the CECs compared with those in the SESCs. miR‑10b exhibited the largest change in expression between the cell types. Target genes of the 36 downregulated miRNAs were predicted and a computational approach demonstrated that these target genes may be involved in several signaling pathways, including the ‘PI3K signaling pathway’, the ‘Wnt signaling pathway’ and the ‘MAPK signaling pathway’, as well as in ‘focal adhesion’. Comparison of these target genes to the 123 upregulated genes identified 43 intersection genes. A regulatory network of these 43 intersection genes and its correlative miRNAs were constructed, and three genes (dedicator of cytokinesis 9, neuronal differentiation 1 and activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule) were found to have high interaction frequencies. The expression levels of 7 randomly selected miRNAs and the 3 intersection genes were further validated by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. It was found that miR‑10b, the Wnt signaling pathway and the 3 intersection genes may act together and serve a critical role in the transdifferentiation process. This study identified miRNAs and genes that were expressed in SESCs and CECs that may assist in uncovering its underlying molecular mechanism, as well as promote corneal tissue engineering using epidermal stem cells for clinical applications.

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February 2018
Volume 41 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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APA
Guo, Y., Ma, X., Wu, W., Shi, M., Ma, J., Zhang, Y. ... Yang, X. (2018). Coordinated microRNA/mRNA expression profiles reveal a putative mechanism of corneal epithelial cell transdifferentiation from skin epidermal stem cells. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 41, 877-887. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3304
MLA
Guo, Y., Ma, X., Wu, W., Shi, M., Ma, J., Zhang, Y., Zhao, E., Yang, X."Coordinated microRNA/mRNA expression profiles reveal a putative mechanism of corneal epithelial cell transdifferentiation from skin epidermal stem cells". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 41.2 (2018): 877-887.
Chicago
Guo, Y., Ma, X., Wu, W., Shi, M., Ma, J., Zhang, Y., Zhao, E., Yang, X."Coordinated microRNA/mRNA expression profiles reveal a putative mechanism of corneal epithelial cell transdifferentiation from skin epidermal stem cells". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 41, no. 2 (2018): 877-887. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3304