Transcriptional activation of miR-320a by ATF2, ELK1 and YY1 induces cancer cell apoptosis under ionizing radiation conditions

  • Authors:
    • Zheng Hu
    • Yi Tie
    • Guixiang Lv
    • Jie Zhu
    • Hanjiang Fu
    • Xiaofei Zheng
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 23, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2018.4497
  • Pages: 1691-1702
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Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) play important roles in numerous cellular processes, including development, proliferation, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. It has been reported that miRNA expression is induced by ionizing radiation (IR) in cancer cells. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not yet fully understood. In this study, endogenous miR‑320a and its primary precursor (pri‑miR‑320a) were assayed by reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR (RT‑qPCR). Luciferase activities were measured using a dual‑luciferase reporter assay system. Western blot analysis was used to determine the protein expressions of upstream and downstream genes of miR‑320a. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by Annexin V apoptosis assay and cell proliferation was measured using the trypan blue exclusion method. The results revealed that miR‑320a expression increased linearly with the IR dose and treatment duration. Three transcription factors, activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2), ETS transcription factor (ELK1) and YY1 transcription factor (YY1), were activated by p38 mitogen‑activated protein kinase (MAPK) and mitogen‑activated protein kinase 8 (JNK) and by upregulated miR‑320a expression under IR conditions. In addition, it was identified that X‑linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) was an miR‑320a target gene during the IR response. By targeting XIAP, miR‑320a induced apoptosis and inhibited the proliferation of the cancer cells. On the whole, the results of this study demonstrated that miRNA‑320a, regulated by the p38 MAPK/JNK pathway, enhanced the radiosensitivity of cancer cells by inhibiting XIAP and this may thus prove to be a potential therapeutic approach with which to overcome radioresistance in cancer treatment.

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October 2018
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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Hu, Z., Tie, Y., Lv, G., Zhu, J., Fu, H., & Zheng, X. (2018). Transcriptional activation of miR-320a by ATF2, ELK1 and YY1 induces cancer cell apoptosis under ionizing radiation conditions. International Journal of Oncology, 53, 1691-1702. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2018.4497
MLA
Hu, Z., Tie, Y., Lv, G., Zhu, J., Fu, H., Zheng, X."Transcriptional activation of miR-320a by ATF2, ELK1 and YY1 induces cancer cell apoptosis under ionizing radiation conditions". International Journal of Oncology 53.4 (2018): 1691-1702.
Chicago
Hu, Z., Tie, Y., Lv, G., Zhu, J., Fu, H., Zheng, X."Transcriptional activation of miR-320a by ATF2, ELK1 and YY1 induces cancer cell apoptosis under ionizing radiation conditions". International Journal of Oncology 53, no. 4 (2018): 1691-1702. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2018.4497