Celecoxib, a selective COX‑2 inhibitor, markedly reduced the severity of tamoxifen‑induced adenomyosis in a murine model
- Zhixing Jin
- Xiaoyi Wu
- Haiou Liu
- Congjian Xu
Affiliations: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University, Shanghai 200011, P.R. China, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University; 3Shanghai Key Laboratory of Female Reproductive Endocrine Related Diseases, Fudan University, Shanghai 200011, P.R. China
- Published online on: March 6, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8580
Copyright: © Jin
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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the selective cyclooxygenase (COX)‑2 inhibitor celecoxib on the development of uterine adenomyosis in mice. ICR neonatal mice were first exposed to tamoxifen to establish a mouse model of adenomyosis. Following 60 days of celecoxib treatment, pathological formation of adenomyosis lesions and the depth of myometrial infiltration were evaluated using hematoxylin and eosin staining. To examine thermal pain modulation in mice, a hotplate test was conducted every 15 days from postnatal day 30 onwards. Immunohistochemistry was performed to assess the expression of aromatase P450, N‑cadherin, E‑cadherin, COX‑2 and cluster of differentiation 31, whereas the levels of estrogen were analyzed in uterine tissue homogenates using ELISA. Masson trichrome staining was performed to assess the extent of fibrosis in the uterus. Celecoxib treatment significantly inhibited the depth of infiltration into the myometrium, resulting in significantly reduced disease severity. Treatment with high doses of celecoxib significantly prolonged thermal response latency. Following celecoxib treatment, the expression of E‑cadherin was significantly increased whereas the expression of N‑cadherin was significantly decreased. Concomitantly, the extent of fibrosis was also reduced following celecoxib treatment. Uterine tissue homogenates isolated from mice treated with both high and low doses of celecoxib exhibited lower concentrations of estrogen and decreased expression of aromatase P450. These observations suggest that celecoxib reduces adenomyosis severity by suppressing estrogen production in the uterus, reversing epithelial‑mesenchymal transition and relieving fibrosis. Taken together, the results of the present study support the potential use of celecoxib, a selective COX‑2 inhibitor, for the treatment of adenomyosis.